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102-106[]

Nicaea's too high to be found and to the same first start taking them had joined the nearby castles in Karatekin and Targhin or Taf-Ali t taken possession, and all free men of this city supply and cut off the connection. After a recent, stormy night, benefiting from the storm of the besiegers, and after the defeat bey Philokrene all other hope of relief deprived, 3i (ia3o). exhausted by hunger and pestilence, sjch the fortress surrendered to the same rushed before all the army of Osman's a , with the Bedingniss of free men of the withdrawal of the occupation to Constantinople. Only a small Theu same made by that granted liberty of use, commander honing ^ MIT, and the larger, less by the sustained distress of Berennung, by the afflictions of their commander wounded as, and less of the love of justice and liberality of in Christian faith Emperor than by the Urchan's hoping went in with the inhabitants of the city to victory, that the gate of Jenischehr on the south side of the city moved through. Thus fell Nicaea, the firmest bulwark of the Byzantine Empire against the power of the Seljuk Turks and then against the Ottomans, famous for long and hard siege of the first crusaders, when the first throne of the Seljuk Rum's, and then as the residence of the Byzantine. Kaiser ( After the conquest of Constantinople by the Franks), secondly to feast in the hands of the Turks, but the Greeks gave it just as easily to the Ottomans, as it hard to resist the Crusaders had defended the Seljuks. For seven weeks, power was the whole of the First Crusade with the forever-famous leaders of the same, with Gottfried von

unanimously already this year,

Bouillon, Tancred, Boemund, Hngo the Great, Robert of Flanders, Robert the Earl of Nor "Mandi, Stephen of Carnot, and the Bishop Ademar, besieging before". From the high walls ström ~ te siedendos Oehl and Greek fire down, and suddenly arrived (like those of the siege of Syracuse) biron hands down, which besiegers captured the one with the amount moved in, and then killed or maimed again fall Hessen . For attacks, and above the earth of the famous tower, which the acquisitions of the knee bow down , contributed buildings were particularly fashioned, that one of the Fox(from the ditch of this beneficiary MinengräV over), the other the turtle (on the shape of the warriors sheltered was called) roof. The fox had its own load, or by the fact hurled masses of rock broken down, and had twenty companions of Henry killed inventor; happier had the turtle covered workers, the torn pieces of wooden planks and blocks replaced, and this species on stones in wood turning foundations of the tower-scale fire burned through c , such that the Thurni rattling and crackling flat on his field was, and after the fall of the knee bow down the whole town on its knees sank d , but not the Crusaders, but the Greeks. Also damahls was Emperor Alexius as diessmahl emperor Andronicus the Younger, his army to Pelekanon pulled, while his assailants (no less barbaric than the besieged) severed heads of the slain, and others by "traps in the fort sent many. The commander his fleet Butumites was negotiating mitSuleiman, the sultan of the Seljuks, the free men of withdrawal of the occupation against entering the Greeks from the side of the lake, while the WallbrDder the land side fruitless to rushed. To her surprise, waved to Einmahl Greek flags from the walls, the high on fiutumites appeared and explained that he was the fortress in the name of his master, of , to have. taken possession as the possession of Nicaea's the Crusaders by was, was stolen from List Greek so went Emperor the same by Byzantine politics, nine years after the famous siege again Christians completely lost, when the Crusaders split from Alexius, and Nicaea by separate peace treaty "again turned back the Seljuks. A century after that Nicaea was the residence of the Byzantine Emperor Theodore Laskaris t, while the Franks ruled JJyzanz to recapture from here was designed and executed the. Since then, it was again, although not Metropolis "as including by Emperor Valens Nicomedia, Nicaea, but the city of Bithynia was declared was first to the still, but as the most important eastern Gränzfestung of the empire for a century in the quiet possession of the Greeks was, until the same for of third meal without a blow to the Moslems was handed. The first meal under Nicephorus Botoniates to Suleiman, the founder of the Seljuk, the Zweyte meal to his son by Kilidscharslan peace agreement under Alexius, the third meal in the younger Andremikus by capitulation to Urchan. The city, first Antigona called, by its builder Antigonus, then Nicaea , in honor of Gemahlinn ofLysimachus, still maintains the in Ifnik mangled names of these women, like the river and the plain of Hrusa the acquisitions Nilufer's (Lotus Flower), the Gemahlinn Urchan's, the stolen Greek bride of the Lord of Belokoma. The woman named after the Greek fortress has three Byzantinerinn in as good Moslems to the resulting meal, and only "meal in a door

*) WilkenV, and left '" History of Kreuzziige, Michaut Hiit. tlts Croiiades. and Fulker of Carnot as a witness in the Gesta dei ptrFmncoi. b ) Liviuj XXIV c. 3 ^. ") Alexia Comnuna XI. Pariser-Au" s "lie S-3II. d ) Herodotus.

•) i. third 1106th

kinu against the Crusaders by love weeks verthcidigt seriously and hard.

No less famous than the Belagerang Vrckan't the Crusaders and the residence of the Byzantine tuMcaa. Kaiser is the first city in Bithynia and first Gränzfestung of the Greek Empire to the east by the Zwey oikomenischen Kirchenversarninlungen, the first and seventh, the first in the Glaubensbehenntniss the Catholic Church, the condemnation of the Arian doctrine, the time of Easter, and the reason for church discipline, in which the A-Zweyter. Management of image-worship was established '. The church in which the three hundred eighteen bishops among which several church fathers and saints) from the East and the West assembled (in the KaisersConetantins the founder of the kingdom present the Coneubstantialität of the Father and the Son as a fundamental article of faith for all future times, and on this unanimous Christian churches (Latin and Greek - Catholic and Protestant) had been determined, Urchan in a mosque converted from under the rubble above the gate still carved in the train of his name shines b , like a wisp in ruins. He imitated By this means first of the Ottomans, the old custom of oriental rulers after the public buildings with inscriptions glorifying t, which has him all over the Ottoman Empire from all mosques, schools, hospitals, grave milling, fountains and bridges the passer appealing the builder and the year call manchmahl, with matching Koransvers, usually in bad taste bombastic rhymes golden in lazurnen field. He also donated the first of this mosque or a madrasa high school. The law scholar David from Kaissarije (Caesarea), in Karamania che was out for

• Several curious circumstances of the fathers de * first look around Concil'umi contains a trip nachBruta p. 114 b ) Just d 'S, u3. *) Uit biograpbUche note deisellien inScadeddin B1.3g. Aali Bl 19th

eten Professor (Mudcrris) ordered, and in that capacity he was succeeded Mola Tadscheddin a Kurd, after which one of his daughters, the old Sheikh Edebali, the other to the Army Judge Khalil Dschendereli wife had given to b . After him was the third muderris Ala.edd.in Esived, insgemein known under the name of Karo. Khoja, ie, the black teacher c . At the point where the beyden Eusebius (who of Nicomedia and Caesarea in Palestine, the famous historian) for the signature of , and to have passed their heresy by the threat of dismissal and expulsion forced to have faith Nicene, were now Christians boy recruits the Janissaries to a repudiation of Christianity forced d , here were the Mola David C'äsarea from the obscure intricacies of such famous mystical work, the seal rings of the philosophic ", in his commentaries about hair-ie M divided church. In theSynod • were the h. Images and altars overturned, and at the empty walls of the same place of the Nicene Creed, the Islamist written: there is no God as a Galt, and Mohammed is his prophet. It Apart mosque and school soup kitchen founded Urchan to Nicaea, the first (/ märet) , in near the city gate of Jenischehr, and as head of these he was the Sheikh Haji Hasan f , a disciple Edebali's not only a religious but also rhyme learned man who prosody Andalusi's explains, and the title of the Islamic law of in rhymes brought denErbtheilungeu s. If Urchan literate enough was not the professor at the school itself to lead, he was devout enough, the manager of the soup kitchen itself gutemBeyspide proceed with by the poor with his own hand the soup austheilte, with his own hand, the lamps lit undAbends K

•) Seadeddin Bl / jo. Aali. ) IVoschri. c ) ScadeilHin Bl ^ o. Aali DI. 19. • *) Gibbon c. 31. Whorl-second volume edition p. AJY. ') f'utiuisol-hikemgrnssen of mystic I \ mul- f 4RN \ n } Sozotnenei are, ecclcs. I. 38th Bl 5z. , 40th Seaifedilin Bl Aali Bl 20th h ) Nescbri page 5. "

106-111[]

While Urchan through mosques, schools and soup kitchen for worship, teaching and sub- haiiench containing Moslems took care of, he forgot the gratification * caa * 'tion of his brave companions in arms not those hoped for plunder by the peaceful Uebergahe the city escaped was loot; in order for it to compensate to some extent, he distributed them among the Greek women and young women, who through the long siege, starvation and pestilence widowed or orphaned, high empty palaces inhabited the '. The owners fell prey to the victors as wives, the government of the city was the oldest Prince Suleiman Pasha allotted t, which contradicts Nicaea had led the army. Even before the surrender of the fortress, he served as governor of the landscape Kodschaili to his fathers gathered heroes old men Akdsche Koja (the land of his acquisitions, where the) followed, as his younger brother (five years Murad) in place of the also deceased "comrade in arms of Othman , the hero Konuralp, the landscape Sultanöni ernennet been governor as was. Akdsche Koja and Konuralp resting now under the earth, which they often Rossen devastating pounded their way to Kdnderi (in the middle of the isthmus between the Black Sea and the Gulf of Nicomedia), and Konurpa b in districts Akjasi, beyond the Sangaris where their graves as visits are Wallfahrtsörter yet, and the princes Suleim.-ui and Murad managed as governor of the beyden Sandzak of aspiring empire, Koja 11 i the coastal region, and Sultanöni the landward eastern part until a couple years after the conquest extended along the southern coast Brusa Bithynian the capital of a third Sanjak collected later, Prince Murad assigned, and by the same the Sandzak 'of the 'Lord (Ghudawendkiar)

'Scadeddin in ßratutli p. 45 ) Sirbe the map.

benennet \ rard. In later times was the seat of the Sanjak Kodschaili of Ifnik (Nicaea) to IfnikmidNico media) transferred (but Ifnik thanked even some prosperity to the front of its gates at the lake scale factories Persian faience, until this reason, went to and now the desolate, intra their high well-preserved Festnngsmauern as in a wide Thiergarten a desert hunting house to search for city, passing through pilgrim caravans only the tombs Gündufalp's the brother of Othman, theSheikh Eschreffade, the black Khoja, and the poet Chiali to visit sites darbeut as b , while Phil Hellene, who yet the inscriptions c ofPliilochristischen . on the towers and walls reads Kaiser, nothing after the Grabmahre the Byzantine historian Nicetas of Chonia investigated the here twenty years, the destruction of Constantinople by the Franks sincerely lamented, and rhetorically described. taking Suleiman Pasha, thegovernor of Brnsa after

of fiiliolos , -,,. I

Alaeddin's death of his uncle, the secondly

Wefirs the Ottomans, was the first company to train in the northern dominions beyond the Sangaris, combs) to (from the very top Tarakdschi known for his narrative, Goinik (through its needles), and Modre (through the so coming from the river), where His grandfather Osman Kose by Michal and accompanied by Ssamssama Tschausch guided Streifzng had taken the first. These three Oerter (i333). submitted without a blow, as Nicaea e . Three years even after the fall of it, I thought • The Stappelplatz and the facing of it, Kem

*) Netcbri. Seadeddin. Edris. ) Dschihannnma S. 662, the BetchreiImtiR the pilgrimage trip to the printed Cpnstantinopel to Menalikul-hadseh S. 26 n. 27, where a couplet on the grave Eschrrifadc'i. e ) See the inscriptions' in the round from a trip to Brusa. ) The Death of Alaeddin's Brusa sets of speakers in his biographies of -> -> r "illl on), Hajji Chalfa (p. chronol. panels i, l) reports Hasjelbe not, but leads directly Snleimanpascha Narlifot as his, he . He died at Bicba (f / ittitkntul wtifcra-^ r ) in Scadeddin Bratutlt's Upber "etzunK S. FYJ. edr »Bl Bl na Sjolakfade sixth Netchri B1. 63rd Ha "Ischi Chalfa.

LLK, the old Kios of the Hellenes and Kibotos the Crusaders, which at the innermost diffraction of said afterward kianlschen Gulf (now of the Modania) Nature and Art Quietly also secured by sitting through. In the four overs vonÄYo.v, Prusias the sea, Kibotos and Kemllk, this port is secured in the fabulous and real history of the Hellenes, in the middle at the beginning of the Crusades, and again in the last period of the first of the Byzantine and Ottoman history a famous place. The acquisitions Kios had the same one Argonauts, who returned from Colchis to have built bey city '. the Argonauts on their way to Colchis landed here as was the darling of Heracles, the beautiful Hylas, when he went to the country to W r ater hollow to the nymphs deprived of, and the inhabitants feyerten year the celebration of the lost Hylas, by the beautiful forests of Arganthonios (now the mountain Katirli) swarmed and Thyrsus swinging chorus Hylas! Hylas! called a . So much for the mythical legend. Herodotus tells the conquest of the Persians under Kios dnrch Hyme, the commander desDarius b , Strabo and the rebuilding of the city from the king of stirring, after which it was called the sea Prusias c . The Crusaders, which the port soon Kibotos d , now Civitot e , now Civizum name 'dragged in here, their fleet of boats disposable load, to the shores of the lake, a distance of seven thousand steps ß, after zweymahl the Normans given by Beyspiele which Zwey centuries earlier bey Zwey of Paris their reeds two thousand yards away on the mainland dragged siege, after the former Hannibal, who bey the siege

') According to Strabo, Veiga. Looking around on a journey roof Brusa p. 9 b ) Herodotus LV iaa. ") Sti-abo L. XII. 3. Piutiai * to the sea-Unterx Prusiai Hieden de "at the Olympos (now Brusa) and Prusias ad fijl |> ium (howl Milan) in the Geuend of lliknbi. Mannert rough guide, because he "<ta sources does not know from which d'Anville in this area set the Utkubi borrowed. It is Dschibannuma S. 654th ) Alexiai Comnena. ) AIl'rt.iquens. Uesta Dei per Francos. Hanovia p. ip2. ') Guiberl AbL Flien Ha p 484 - f ) Albert, aquens. Anna Comnena. ') Annales mettent. Bey Buu <iuet T. VIII, p. 69 l 71 the year 868 and in 890th

of Taranto on the isthmus between the port and the city of the ships weighing over set to *. From this man drew the first army of the Crusaders, five and twenty thousand strong, six consecutive meetings against Nicaea before in, and the Sultan of the Seljuks, Suleiman, beat her up to the camp beyCivitot, where a massacre of old men and underage children, monks and matrons indiscriminately and choice and preference and choice of prey of beautiful girls and boys for the harem of Nicaea took place. Only three thousand men threw themselves in the old, on the hill above the harbor and castle, which they, the gates were missing because their shields and with stones barricaded with, and with arrows and stones defended to them by the Greek emperor sent troops from Tnrkopolen relief brought a b . This castle had been under Ottoman of Berennung his heroes Akdsche Kodicha(the white old man), and Karo Timurlasch. (the black iron stone) resisted, but it was now that the crops devastated, and the supply has been cut all around, from even in the hands of the conquerors Nicaea's c , so as four years after that to the right on the shores of the Gulf located niko Median solid castles Anachor and Armudli d . conquest of all recent conquests and victories of the Ottomans slhaitKa- "s were the Greeks have taken them ,rait - was a generation since the founding of the independent

Osman's independent reign passed without that neither he nor his SohnUrchan with one of the ten other princes who are in the ruins of the SeljukEmpire was divided, came in hostile contact. Now the series came to the country and the Prince of Karasi, the immediate neighboring Turkomans Lord of ancient Mysia's, southwest of Olympus, from which the power of the Ottomans

•) Liviu "XXV. cu b ) Albert, aqueni. GesJa Franco dei "by p. 19 *. ) LImlsrlii Clialla. Seadcddio bey BratuUi S, 48 Edris 112th Bl Stolakfatl ")'.!, 6th d; Uadtvhi Chtlfa.

t

when an avalanche crashed down, first the land adjacent ten princes in coalescing of, and ever-growing growing, on to the mountains progressively, hill, and the lands along clenching then, finally, all others from the Seljuk formed small kingdoms are devoured, and very small Asia from Olympus to the Taurus conquering flooded. Adschlanbeg, the Prince of Karasi, Osman Bey, the powerful than the division of Mysia become master of all Seljuk, had died, and had two sons leave their elderly in the government followed it, that younger, Tursun, bey Urchan was brought up. This, from his low and his brother, unwilling Wefire his father Haji llbeki supported bath Urchan him in Karasi to help to rule, for which he him Aidindschi, Balikesri, Tarhala and Minias t to leave the cities, and with those of Edremid , Kisildiche Tu/7a, Binarhissar and Ajafmend ft promised to be content ";. Urchan went in his proposal so favorable an enlargement plan, he accompanied the withdrawing his paternal inheritance in Tursun with an army that is on track to the most Ulubad (Rhyndakus) located Oerter Ulubad, Kermasti and Michalidsch together with the castles Koilsos and Ailsosconquered. The Prince of Karasi had Balikesri, the easternmost large, mountain town in his dominions, the advancing armies Urchan's no defense left in, and in the westernmost fort of the same, Bergamo . (Pergamos), withdrawn, where grounding siege defied. Urchan beat the politic Wefir Hadji llbeki a comparison between the two brothers in front through which the elderly apparently to be joined by the younger of your way granted by force. Urchan about this infidelity enraged, forced the murderer by his power to please pardon the guilt of fratricide and


112-116[]

of resistance, and allowed him to Brusa future life in exchange for the celebrations of PergamQS *. Thus fell after the drtytersten cities Bitiiynicns after Nicomedia, Nicaea and Brusa, also the capital of Mysia, the old residence of King Attalos, which will, making it the Romans to heirs of thefourth part of his empire used the same further conquest of Asia promised , a city famous in the history of science and the arts by the invention of the same referred to parchment, and the king said to attal wallpaper, by the splendid library of zweymahl hundred thousand books roles and as the birthplace of Galen and Apollodorus's, the August's teacher of rhetoric in c . Dermahligeii their huts, a couple thousand Turks and Greeks lived only to lose themselves among the magnificent ruins of the old buildings, among the ruins of the Temple of Aesculapius's and Athena, under which thetheater and. a magnificent gate in which a large cistern, water supply f. Urchan city struck with their dominions to the government of Suleiman Pasha's, for which reason the same since then to the Sandzak of Chudawenrikiar, Brusa expected to be of di, the administration of from Karasi He left the Wefire of the last Prince Haji Ilbeki, which he of his family to the A'-schebeg and Eurcnosbeg (converted to Islam ehemahligeu Greek commander of Brusa) to the side was d . On the acquisition of the dominions of Karasi was followed by a twenty-year halt of state augmentation, while all Ottoman sources of the deepest silence observed of that without this (the following book shows how) to the custom of the Byzantine historian tacit confession of loss and defeat, designed to be as a allowed. During this

•) Seadeddin, Ediii B1. 116. Pfetchri Bl 54th Sfol.kfade Bl 6th b ) Aeloli novi. iclsciti tocii Atlalusque, Rex Asiae iam velouté Despondent forluna Orienlis empire. Livius L. XXVI. c. 3;. ") Slrabo XIII. d ) EDII "Bl 116th Öctdecldin bpy Bratutti p. 56

unusual arrest of conquest has left the foundations of the Alaeddin.entworfenen Staats.eiurichtuugen the building of military discipline and order and the amount befestiget allmahlig out in how to Brusa immediately the year after the annexation of the country began construction of Karasi, 36 0336) . of mosque, school, soup kitchen and caravanserai, pious foundations, through which the residence of the Empire with Nicaea, where five years before the first school and the first soup kitchen at the Church of nicäi the same • • Chen council had been donated. competed, and in splendor and wealth surpassed soon t.

He also imitated the Beyspiel which already Osm & n Ktäster '"by building cells for the dervishes Torud and Abdal Kumral given by a cell for the pious Geiklibaba, Tues Hirsch's father, after, a cell that today as a much-visited place of pilgrimage to the east side of town, on one of the rising height of the foot of the rising Olympos, as higher up in the sky source (Gökbinari) the grave Doghlibabas, Tues of sour milk father's a , as immediately before the walls of the city on the banks of the Olympos falling light stream Alischir the monastery Abdal Murad's, and on the west side of Town near the bathrooms (Kaplidsche) the monastery and grave Musa Abdal's. This Zwey Baba or fathers, and these two Abdal's or Santone had Urchan conquest, Brusa's accompanied to and through the blessing of their Gebethes and the same in sealed wonders victory and happiness on the weapons and the new residence from the sky heruntergefleht, and the conqueror immortalized his gratitude by building cells, where they are buried. The acquisitions of beyden fathers in God are so significant that it is almost superfluous to say that the first familiar with deer and deer kept company, and the only Zweyte of sour milk fed, and thus

") Doghlibaba the Ariilaios the Turks. Avistaenm primo apium et melli "nov" et Lacu "ad coaguia hominibut Uadidisse. Jiuünus L. XIII. cj

the besiegers refreshed what the story telling could still, if only not the legend of first deer riding, a half hundredweight heavy sword the besiegers lead the the Abdal Murad a wooden sword miracle of bravery to do with, and the Abdal Musa coals cotton wrapped in pick Hesse. The deer father,a native of Persia from Chui, a disciple of Sheikh Ellas, Aer under Osman to acquisitions of piety and holiness purchased one, living in "forest, lonely b with deer and deer, and came only on special mission from page Urchan's on a deer ridden, with a plane tree trunk on his shoulder, which he in the castle in the yard of the earth planted Fürstenpallastes, the happy omen of growth, and Flores of the empire, which, like this plane tree roots, and sprout and should culminate and leaves. The fires have the castle and the trees consumed with that as a sanctuary of worship was long a t.Abdal Murad also came to Urchan's invitation ff to his service, and that with his wooden sword (which just so long as that of Hirsch's father was difficult ) miracle of courage, not only to unbelievers, but also immense dragon, which ravaged the country, zn the same time of the Knights of St. George and the Orlando Furioso of the Ottomans. Suleiman the Great c , as it the cell and the grave went to the same left, to honoring to pay homage to popular belief, the sword to one-third cut this, and this third part in the treasury of the Serai's, in addition to the show there swords of the Prophet, his successor round its great generals keep d . European travelers have innocently enough, the wooden sword of the mad dervish of the real Roland's supported , and believed th, that the horrors of the same meteor here would worship the Moslems.

*) See Cmblick on a trip to Brusa p. 36 and 3-j, the Bioeriphien the speaker "of ßrusa Year 79, 80, 83, 87, Bl Neschri 55th Aali BL s5. ") Neschri Bl 55 The biographies of the speaker of Brusa 83rd Bl c ) The speaker of Brusa Bl 80, after Ewlia (whose historical information "about • ore often incorrect) to the" s Sultan Ahmed I have gethaii . d ) See the Empire State Administration osmanischcn U, p. 20

Since the fathers Baba or Dede and on the Abdaldie speech has come, and in following this story more than Einmahl the same come back to be, so Zwey W 7 locations, to distinguish them from ordinary dervishes and sheikhs, for the with the graduation of Islamic asceticism is not enough known to readers nothwenclig. dervishes , monks, the superiors of the same hot discs CAE, ie the elderly. Hermit hot Saliid, and they built for cellsSawije, just as the monasteries of the dervishes Tekije, hermits, their piety obtained by some reputation, earned by the names of the father Baba, di Papa, or Dedi, Tues Tati, or Abdalc , of travels from insgemein Sauton called t. After the highly trained mystical hierarchy of Islamic asceticism lives at any time on earth a certain number of closed on a higher or lower level of the standing Holy God tf Association. Abdale always live only forty at the same time, and each outgoing is replaced by a new one. Since only the heaven knows those who at any time under these chosen Forty belong to, 'o claim is that of the usurped honor are among to more easily on earth, but dengrössten fools they are easily granted on by their contemporaries, under the chosen forty Abdale or Santone which to Urchan's time on earth in all countries of the Islam lived scattered ttt, were so die'beyden mentioned saints, Abdal Murad and Abdal Musa, whose graves to Brusa. Besides the mosque, school and the monastery of Othman to Brusa, were there more of his time by private mosque, monastery and school built on a mosque close to the castle of Ilerl Khoja, one of the directors Urchan's bey Brusa's conquest% a monastery from the sheiks Achi Has »

') Nnchri Bl 45,

san t the already more than Einmahl said Schwager Edebali's a , and a school of Lala Shahin b , the subsequently more than Einmahl to be named captain Urchan's and Murad'sI; Urchan. had in advance all the spoils of a campaign presented him as she is extremely large turned out, it repented the Lord of his promise, but as the learned Mola Tadscheddin Kurdi decided that a gift of property not be able to be withdrawn again, and Lalafchahin the same to the prince not mind accumulation by Iwollte, he related it to the Foundation under the took Lala schahinie famous high school Brusa °. Is collected in the inner walls of the castle and the city of mosques and schools, from Fürsteh and by private individuals donated toGod's ways d , and the same except at the foot of Olympos, the monasteries and cells of the fathers in God. Has always had the sublime beauty ofOlympos devout observer of nature and its creator invited to the beautiful valleys of these mountains and the Alps to settle in. At the time of the Byzantine emperor to live in the Olympos monks, peaceful life dedicated to, the world separated from, and only in the contemplation of themselves and the natural sinks, which even to visit Emperor, and her Gebeth heir, and fortunes in by the wars against the Saracens to implore disdained not 0 .The abbot of the monastery there Martyr Athenogenes had consecrated to the Emperor Constantine the purple horns bey his visits there a diploma from his father Emperor Leo, which was predicted damahls, his son would attend before his death, the Olympos short

•) Neschri Bl 45th b ) Seadeddin Bl fa. c ) Ausierdera Lala Scliahin built another bridge and convent to Kermnsti. Seadeddin page 4. " ! ' fi-idiil illahthe Formet this Stiflungsbriefe. "• ') Continuator Tlieophanii p. 289, also Zonaras L. XVI;. C. 22 p. 196 and p. 6 Cedrenus Volume II $ i, the two last short, the incertus Continuator detail, we also learn from the same upon this Bithynian occasion a deity IIoteTOS know which of the grunt-Bitliyuiens directly to front. V> u Prainctoa was revered.


117-121[]

and Prqphezeyung was perhaps to his death soon after made bey .

In place of the Greek KoinobitenundEre-D "- Ofym Miten were now in monasteries and cells Turkish Der-^ i tiifki wipe and Sauton, from the foot ofOlympus down to the TF ^ and summit of the same from the herds of wandering tur- taught Romanesque hordes surrounded. The beauty and abundance of nature favored not only the sacred idleness of monks and hermits, but enthusiastic as a result, the muse of poets, and scholars to the Müsse beautiful and useful plants. The first great Turkish poet MolaChosrtw sang his umbrella on the heights of Olympus, under the Gesausei by pine trees, which his poetry is blowing in under the murmur of the pure mountain water that's clear rhymes again echoes in; Wasl AU, the author of the images most translation of the Fables Bidpai's collected in the flowery meadow Brusa's the most beautiful flowers of poetry and rhetoric, and transferred in his immortal work with the colors melting of the euphony of the nature of the melody of the echoing forests and falling flows. Chiali,ie, the imaginative and Deliburader, ie the foolish brother raved about here, the first in the high turns lyrical poems, the lower Zweyte lustful in stories. Another C / wsrew and another Chiali c , as a law scholar of the same size as their Nahmensgenossen as a poet, worked here works of the law of science, God and the jurisprudence of race, the like of which the first colossi Ottoman theology and jurisprudence, the great Sheikh Albestami , and the great judges aljen on, one of which is to be discussed in more detail soon, as the most famous and vondemgrössten

1 ) A poetic description of Olympos is found in the disputations Lamiii (risialei munal'nrat on konigl. Bibl zu Berlin, in the T. manuscr. 187), where the monasteries of bcyden Geiklü Bnba "nd Doghla Baha described Diez be, then a Lohgedichl the beautiful and the factor of braaa grosso mosque in the collection of letters ISJ 'k Clioihclia's (in Eichhorn' "Literary History of Osmanon 1673). ') Screens to look round from a case of "after Bmsa p. 6z. •) plane as p. 63

in the sacred soil of Brusa dormant sheikhs, the sheikhs Namely Mohammed from Bukhara. known under the name of Emir Sultan, Tues ruler and prince in the realm of holiness. At his grave, according to which a quarter of the city is called, stands one of the mosques greeted Brusa's, more than Einmahl devastated by the fire, and very often by the piety of the sultans restored Sun This pious and learned men, these poets and judges lie at the foot of Olympos, on whose summit they birds singing and Fluthenklang, observing, after the Supreme trachtend, that of her life enjoyed by, or at the schools where they learning and teaching from the source of science drew, and the same donated more in their long and the language of the Ottoman Empire will last so continued living plants. Brusa, now the residence of the ruler of the Osnianen, was also the burial place of it. At the mosques built by them in the castle, in the city and the suburbs rest Osman, Vrchan, Bajesid, the first Zwey Murad and Mohammedi. a circle of brothers, sons, daughters and women in the stately mausoleums. Next to the graves of six sultans (for the three first ruler of the Ottomans, although she lives only emirs were called in are death by the general usage of sultans ennobled been the after) tombs rise from twenty-six after their names known Prince (their brothers and sons), then the first Wefire and Beglerbeg of the Empire, under which the names of the TschendereliundTimurtasc / i vorleuchten, then the following Wefire and muftis, from which the conqueror of Cyprus, Koja Mustafapascha, and the learned historian Aftf Efeiidi here call enough. •

To the mausoleums of the first sultans and saints of the kingdom grouped osmanischeii a half thousand of graves of famous IVefire, Paschen, divorce, change

*) See dio description thereof in Uniblick on a üü after Bru "p. 47-54 /

"_ ~. i,, .. Merkwiir

che, professors, speaker, poet, Aerzie and musician \. digkeiien Brusa, famous for the beauty of its surroundings, Rruiai through the healing of his excellent exposure and by the wealth of its natural and synthetic products, with its warm springs and cool fountains, through the clarity of the Olympos flowing water, among which the most famous Binarbaschi, Aktschlaghlan and I Alischir a , by its grapes, mulberries and pears (last only forty species counted are the by), through its apricots, cherries and chestnuts (which some up only forty drachmas weight) b , with its silk, wool, and the near-dug in the sea foam (from which the famous Turkish pipe bowls) and by its mouth pastries, sorbets and sugar cookies, with its flowery layers silk c on dresses, thin cloth on women's shirts d , together with eon upholstery, and canvas on aprons f has, besides all these advantages, nature and art, yet the in the eyes of the predominant Ottoman one, the first throne and as a burial place of so many pious and learned men, sacred classical soil so that it reaches the conquest of Constantinople, the first city to this with Adrianople, the post refining respective residence of the sultans, and with Baghdad, the tomb will the castle of the Holy genennt is his, in this dual capacity vying today for the title of Sultan, the third city of the empire is .

. •) Dichiliannuma p. 65T. ) Ewlia. ") Kutni, d ) Biiriindtchili. ') Kumatch. ") Puchlcnat.

Book Four.

Twenty transitions of the Turks into Europe. Case of Kallipolis and Suleiman Pasha's death. t / Overview 'of the 'Turkish monasticism and Urchan's death.

The silence, which the Ottoman by the next twenty years voi the building. the mosque and foundation-building to Brusa up to the transition Suleiman Pasha to Europe to observe historian has its roots not in unfortunate events, by even the Byzantines only a single, unfavorable battle the Ottomans failed to tell, even in the absence lasting conquests, as if on this same strip / .iige would have gone empty, but the same seems Zwey other causes resulting from be-ing too. The one: the friendly and peaceful intercourse between Urchan's and the Byzantine court, which the Ottoman take customer historian and give despised, the other: by maritime power damahls on the Asian coast and the Byzantine court predominant influence of the Turkish prince, masters of the coast of Mysia, Lydia and Ionia, that of L Karasi, Ssaruchan and Aidin, the peaceful or military position to the Byzantine emperor in this period more hope or fear frightens than that of the sea damahls still less powerful princes of the Ottoman . Both these reasons seem The last to said to have been persuaded of the innate narrow layer clerk in the period covered by peace treaties between Andronicus the Younger and Urchan, and the marriage of the past with one, if not, with two Greek princesses, just as the wanderings of the Prince of Karasi, Ssaruchau and Aidin, and the alliance of the past with Cantacuzene, deepest silence of contempt to go with that. More striking is the almost as deep silence or neglect, which on this twenty-year period, the recent European writers of Ottoman history, observe which prefer the short thread so far by translation advertised economical Turkish stories, and of just about this period nor that sufficient Chalkondylas Phranz and persecuted, as the Gregoras, and particularly in Cantacuzene scattered data to be collected in Nicephorus, and in chronological order to make comparison with, for taking the trouble given. How ungrateful these efforts, it appeared to us essential duty, the result of the same Fill in the gap of the Ottomans in full, to and from the Europeans partially observed two decades of silence by the Byzantines out of, and before we the Ottoman historian bey the passage Suleiman Pasha 's to Gallipolis find-go, here the Byzantine a brief overview of all previous transitions of the Turks on the Bosphorus and Hellespont ahead of, from the time when the domination of Asia's coastal raised her until the time when they have the same under Suleiman Citing carried it to Europe's, and in our Erdtheile conquests have consistently established Pasha. Dess half M'ir business offers views back a few years earlier, when denBeginnder Ottoman dynasty, in the last years of the Seljuk ruler of Asia Minor, in which the Turks, apparently well disposed, but mischievous, the first meal to Europe on set.

In the twelve hundred and sixty three years of the 66 "(1263). Christian era, in the same year, when Michael ErfierUcb the palaeological after the court of the Seljuk Turks. refuge sought and found, returned to Constantinople, the rightful heir to the throne, the

«ÖncekiContinue

122-126[]

Christian era, a wolf in their flags led to, and a golden wolf on the tip of a spear front entrance of their tent princes lined up a . Ssaruchan, the Turkomans prince of ancient Lydia, and Aidin, of the old Ionia, allied to Phocaea with Andronicus the younger, the person appearing in, this ambassador, who brought gifts by b . Beyde furnished the fleet of the emperor with food for the siege of Neuphocäa of which damahls as the Genoese Chios and Lesvos owned castle.

No sooner was the emperor na.chDidymotichon (J) emitöka.) fifth returned ti when he got the message that seven- j he Turks. dozens of ships of theLord of the Trojan coast, that is, the i33i. Prince of Karasi, the Hellespont set Chersonesus landed on the area around ßeroi'a (Karaferia) andTrajanopolis ravaged c . Once the customer receives as Kaiser thereof, he recruited troops to drive them away. Many had even returned from the Thrace remaining fifteen hundred fell in under the sword of the emperor d .

The emperor returned to Constantinople, was ebenSectaier about to leave the residence, to Thrace, the Turks. see cities to visit, as the post-i33z him again. Judges came that another cavalry over the Hellespont, Turkey set to Zwey divided into trains have.

one of which north, the other pulling the south, that the area around the cities Polybolos, Kissot, Akonitci ravage, that the city Rhaidestos(premilling Bizanthe Rodosto today) attacked. Those were beaten by the troops sent against them and sold them embarked on again. Once theEmperor's approach had heard a .

The harder the rest of the Byzantine empire by £ "the fleet's Karasi (of Mysia) and the armies of Osman's (the ) was pressed, the more of it Bithynia

') Gibhon CXLII. Output IV p. 2i5 after MenancUr excerpt in fourth. les. b ) Cantacuzene L. II. c. i3.1. BS & 38th c ) Cannot. on angef. Places. •) Dcnelbe L. II. Cn to 261 Bey IS'ic. Greg. there are only five hundred, teruiutulich a spelling mistake. r ) canl. L. II. O. tt TO aöO.

the need for gender, peace and friendship with one of them to finish at least, as before with Ssaruchan (the Lydians) and Aidin (the Ionians) had happened. To trapped Nicomedia to help hasten closely the, the Emperor had riders and infantry on galleys and cargo ships embark, but before he even nico Median coast approached the one he had the lake to Both stem Osman's contrary to, war or peace biethend. The Emperor replied with counter Gruss Gruss, and that while he prepared for war, but was ready for peace. Messenger i333. appointed by each side, closed the same Bedingniss from under that Urchan of Caesar's friend, the remaining cities of the empire does not touch them. Then gifts were exchanged from side Urchan's horses, hunting dogs, carpets and Pardelfelle; of the other: silver cups, woolen and silk fabrics, and one of the emperor's clothes, which, Cantacuzene says as "bey the satraps of the barbarians, the GE , estimated known and highest sign of honor and "well" want "*. It is remarkable with respect to this first peace treaties the Ottomans with the Byzantines, even the diplomatic forms of gifts and nahmentlich the silver cup and the robes of honor to see this, what the earliest times to the recent down in the East practice was and remains of. Even Greeks were the Persian kings caftans dressed, the last of the Crusades old man sent by the mountains to St. Louis as a pledge of the greatest friendship of his shirt, to indicate that he and fed than affectionate Being wanted him as the shirt the body b , and Both as long as steward of the Roman Emperor honor gifts au gate brought, silver cups were a major component part of them c .

No sooner had the emperor Macedönien returned to where he near Thessalonika _ between this city and the lake Bolbe (now Beschik) a the 1334th Stock Servier pitched had the contrary ^ he message received that sixty ships with Turks on the extreme tip of the peninsula of Ai ho between the mountains and paella (Quietly Potidaea, then Cassandra called * ', and even today in the ruins next Neukassandra visible), at the old ruined city of Sarrylier * landed near the area Blasted, The emperor moved forward with the great Domestikos.The battle was difficult;. Because the area maybe $ forest and the enemy only pedestrians but most people were killed or captured. Which is hidden in the woods, returned the following day back to their SchifPeh, burned them down to two, this led only easons beüttbeladen back d -. Which prince of the Asian coast this fleet belongs ^ reports Cantacuzenus not know what the commander of the transition can be no doubt left bigenden (.

Umurbtg, already above the son of the for- ".- / f" ^ ites of Aid in, of Smyrna, and the Ephefus ** i * Lord other Ionian cities, landed with a fleet of five and seventy. ships first on Samothrace and then to the Thracian coast of Poros, the landing place of Kumutzenen e whose place today but with less alteration of the acquisitions K.umuldschina { ie from. The Greeks and Turks gathered not far away on the surface Pana-gia to each other; About the number of those held on the attacks, and standing all day long beydenHeerö inactive "only words instead of blows alternately over with sunset covered. * from the Turks and the Greeks sailed see an unmolested by S-.

j Canlac. LH e. 25th 6th IS 278 between the Suloiiik im.l! Schiost Rhctme at the Cretan village. ) The marginal note to (Jantacuzen says) the "paella and the ISahmc Rassandra's been. c ; men who I.Tb. VU. Iaqt S.455) that Herodotus and taach Thucydidei Sl.idt thought this would not have dieje Cantacüzen's body (p. 278) fiberaehedi • CINTAC). cit 279th • ') Koujiout (tiiiuv Cantac. p. 287 *) Hadtchi (ilialfa'i Ramili p. 69 *) Canlac.L. II. C. 28 to 288th

Friends • One year (during which the elder Andro 'liindria m k us died) was the Byzantine Empire inOstenuud ^ rf j £ j- ea unangefeindet west, but in the following renewed

starú-and the negotiations with the Emperor Ssaruchan (the Ly Bytant. dents) and Aidiu (the Ionians) for ships and food to BelagerungMitylene's undPhocäa's widerdie Genoese *. First, the contract with Ssaruchan completed, the troops and ships, and the emperor, however, the BefreyungSuleiman's and the other sons of noble Turks promised that, four and twenty in number, the Genoese captured Phocaa held back to. the walls of this town appeared before the camp the children's Aidin, Chifr, Umur and Suleiman is b , peace and help promising, and returned richly home. Ssaruchan himself appeared with four and twenty, Aidin sent his son Umur with thirty ships. Cantacuzene, the great Domestik "-. of the Umurbeg in the field nächderLandung hostile beyKumuldschinagegenüber, and warehouse bey Phocaa friendly page stood was at recently, he was invited to a personal meeting to Klazornene (the native city of Anaxagoras) in the vicinity of today's Wurla c one, he entertained four days long the most hospitable persuaded him to thätigsteii help against the Genoese and the peaceful handling of the Byzantines allied with Philadelphians (the inhabitants of Alaschehr), and laid the foundation for the intimate and, as in the story 's appear Cantacuzene, almost romantic friendship, which up to Todo for Umurbeg's lasted for ten years. The fleet of Ssaruchan was because the Latin had dispersed, with rich presents dismiss d . The friendshipof the Byzantine emperor with Ssaruchan and Aidin, the neighbors and rivals Urchan's, made the

L. II. "C. 20) TO 391st) The same L. II. Cantec c. 29.6.. 1 p. 293 The names are called in Greek: Aif <£ vfl, Xtms, AuO'Jfj, ; ZouXaip.? c . c. 3o.) to 294 The same - men III. 3 L. S. 33o. II d ) canl "c. limurl> fg's To accept, by Cantacuzene Ajuupmxi p. 288: to be written is by the Italians in Morbattanbeen mutilated, and as such is on the tuuezianiichen history well known.

cable to the natural friends of the Genoese, who were understood to damahls Galata and Phocaa with the 'Byzantines in open war.

All of a sudden during the Urchan with best-£«"'<" •

. transition

outgoing and his train to Karasi b Faces,- the Turks. peace came th of Triglia (the promontory, l33 Gulf of Modania south closes 7den) the message that Urchan with six and thirty vessels did it, or certainly the next night with Coiistantinopel will end up, and the arming of ships on short seynicht robbery, but on permanent devastation c and the occupation of the beyden, at the gates of Sladt located, places d Athyras and Epibatos calculated.The emperor sent the big Domestikos Cantacuzene of twenty and forty soldiers against Noble Ennakosidi the suspected locations of the landing from, and he armed himself what the whole of 'fleet in the harbor damahls weapons capability, but two galleys Namely e . Burning barns and the howling of stolen Kimler and women proclaimed that the barbarians bey üliegium (Bujukdschekmedsche) the night ended up in f . Cantacuzene hurried away, and with the Zwey galleys of the Emperor, who bey daybreak the Cantacuzene's mounted a horse and even eagerly attacked the enemy, too. Jn the last until noon battles were a thousand Turks, three hundred were captured, and even after the otherwise implausible Nicephorus Gregoras report, not one Greek. The remaining Turks embarked on three ships sailing only increased, so that one of its ships eight, the other ten sails wore the imperial galleys see what it would do the same at the sail force them down from the nautical rope, fell masts down. Thirty-five ships remained empty atn shores back ** and the Emperor

*) Niceph. Greg. L. IV. Cup 33a. ') The occupation of Karasi l'immediately filled in the course of the year before that robbery at sea. 'I Cantac. L II c S ^. To 307 d ) Niceph. Greg. aa OS 33. " See TopoSnpliie Constaatinopels and the Bosporus II S. \. e ) Cantac. cit 3O3. ') Viceph. Gres-HI. S 33a t)Cantac. cit 308th h ) Niceph. Gregortt Lutt the emperor fourteen schools and ten take only escape.

Joannes, son of Laskaris, eye gouge Hess, and as Emperor of Byzantium dynasty Palaeologi began moved, under the leadership Saltukdede's a colony of zehn to twelve thousand Turkomans on the western coast of the Black Sea, which still today the dobruzische Tatarey means at. On the number and bravery of the same founded the Seljuk refugee Jfeddin Keikawus, -who by his brother Rukneddln Kilidscharslan forced the throne Iconium be left exclusively to him, to flee had Constantinople itself, with its enterprising counsel and assistant Behadir Ali a plan for a far-looking conspiracy -against the emperor, in the hope that instead of the Seljuk to the seizing Byzantine throne. The plan was the butler Afeddin's, a native of Greece, in preference to religion and rule of his father betrayed by the Sultan with the captain of his bodyguard Behadir Ali, and his squireOghuflubeg iron imprisoned in the captain executed the stable blinded, the Sultan his sons and his mother in prison to keep with you! •Berke Khan , the ruler of the Tartars of the Crimea, from Rukneddin Kilidscharslan, the sultans of Iconium, encouraged, "his brother prisons to deliverance from, sat on the Frozen Danube, slipped to below the walls of Constantinople, and led the Ainos escaped from Afcddin together with the whole dobruzischen colony with him to the Crimea, an 'what is already the top of the story Seljuks occurred the c . thousand men a of the guard Afeddin's what the son of the same to Byzantium remained with , took the faith and the service of at Caesar's, and were the troops of Turkopolen, ie, the Turks converted to Christianity, incorporated, which address it through

•) Lutfi's Opliulhame or history of a Scldschukcn Bl n3. Jl ) Just because. ') P. '3 / t. a ) JViceph. Grcg. L. VII. C. /,. &. 6. IBS Iao . l,. VII r. RIBS I56 and L. VII. C. 6. §. 6. S. i5z, in the "un rslen" 1 . . • • •> • i '.- u ülcll "Uuiciid the round number, the drill in eilfhuudert.

wax three thousand men strong a result of Khalil as its captain commands were in the. The emperor was counting on them as on the Alans in his enterprise against the Catalans, who's Rye, their leader, died on Turks to the Hellespont, called for help.

This assistance called for troops, four hundred purposes thick, of the dominions of the Lord of Aidin 1) , was the 'rfirk under the command of Isac's, which the Byzantines Melek hac, | 3 °7 'di king Isac, just as they too Constantiiiopel retarded and converted to Christianity's brother Afeddin Melek Constanlin, Tues King Constantin call c . The Turks put directly Constantinople from Asia to Europe via bey, and so was this secondly transition of the mouth of the gang people and would dream of Hofbeainten of satisfied palace, which Asian banks and Scutari, with Turks on sitting and are covered Kamehlen that, and on Einmahl in the air rise, and Kamehle to fly over Europe who had seen d . Bey of the battle, to which it between the Emperor and the Catalans or Almogabaren in the plane between Kypsella (Ipssalä) and Apros came were the bodyguards of the emperor in the middle point, on the right wing of the Thrace and Macedon troops on the left the Alans and Turkopolen; hostile armies of the Catalans were in the Aidin called to the aid of Turks gathered on the wings of beyden. The Alans Turkopolen and betrayed their pay Lord by, rather than to fight for him, remained idle spectators, and thereby caused the loss of the battle c . The army of the rebellious troops now consisted of eight thousand men, Catalans nahmlich of five thousand horse and foot, and three thousand Turks from the Aidin auxiliaries and overflowed from the Tur

•) Nirenli. Gie K . L. VII. C. 6. $. 6. IL B. 8 i5. " h ) Pachyrn. L. VII.

<• ii. II. B. S., '| 0 (>. c ) The same L. c. VII. i5. zz. 29. • "; Just because i.") IS'iii'l'L-Greg.L. VII. R 4 "• 7 - $ '4 •" "• 'i'

kopolen combines 8 ; those under Melek Isac's b , this uni3o8. ter's Khalil c command. After the battle of Kypsella roamed the Mogabaren and Turks gan / e Thracian peninsula by a sea shore to the other, through cutting of the passports of Ganos (now Tekirtagh) until Rhaidestos (now Rodosto) on the banks of the Propontis and even to Elsa, the shore of the Black Sea d . To put a stop to their Streifereyen, let Andronicus perform a long wall of Christ opolts f the mountains to the sea to the pass that leads from Macedonia to Thrace lock, too. The Turks fell apart soon with their new allies the Catalans, and were divided Zwey crowds, one of which, a thousand horsemen and five hundred pedestrians greatly under Melek Isac's leadership in the service of Milutin's, the King of Servia, went over, they disarmed and in the event of a war for the service provided was c , which, one thousand three hundred riders and pedestrians, eight hundred strong, commanded by Khalil other under-treated, with the emperor the frey torque bey Christo Polis, andthe return across the sea to their native country. Ing to their release to Andronicus like to request them confessed to her, but the commander of the Greek troops, from recklessness zeal or plunder, broke the promise, and pondered predatory attack the retreating. This,of treacherous attack perceived, seated themselves in the possession of a solid lock on the banks of the sea, and attacked Greek camp to the one in which they of the treasure and regalia hold of Imperial, the first divided, the last of her ridicule drove with by Khalil the area occupied by strings of pearls cover the Kaii3og. sers sat up, and mocking words against the same overflowing f . As the emperor, the further improvement Catalans with the Turkopolen to prevent the bond, the Hauptmauu the last Isacmelek, the hand of the daughter Melek Constantine, the Enkelinn of the Seljuk throne volatile Aseddin's, together with the government of Pega (Bigba) promised as the Mogabaren, the perfidy of the Turkopolen aware and the captain of the same Isac, together with, it's the emperor proposed to the Sultan Melek Constantin murdered father-of, which is already in the top story of the Seljuk Turks had been told. The Mogabaren Turkopolen had forced them their leader, Melek Isac and Tachandschar (Khalil) extradite. "They hit the first, together with his brother on the head, but Tachandschar escaped them and fled Greek commander of receptions, and thence to the Tzurulum(now Tschorli, the former Tirihalum) b . Such was the fate of the leader, which Mogabaren, the troops but the Servier finishing off made the, in the service Milutin's Urosch, the of Servia, standing army had Kral, having made the campaign against Hungarians returned to their pay master outraged against which they massacred, and little Uebriggebliebene as servants distribute only Hess c . The change in Chersonefus imprisoned were 1314th the aid of two thousand Servian riders included, and return to ships to Asia Minor forced d , so early intervention, the Servier hostile and humiliating in the history of Turks of Mogabaren. The first Turks, then, to Europe, which passed over the colony in the dobruzischen Tatarey and, Turkopolen were Seljuk Turkomans who, secondly, which of the been called to help, Turkomans Aidin been made. Soon thirds Utker it was the first foray of Ottoman Turks, Turks * which ships with the Macedon and Thrace coast troubled six , and eighteen i3ai Monath.

*) Niceph. Greg. L. VII. C. 6. $. i u. 6, in §. i he is their number "uf more alsaooo in §. 6 provides 3ooo on. Pauhymeres L. VII. C. "II BS 4 * 2"?. ") c ) . Niceph Grc S . VII,. L. C. 8 § |. i. B IS. S6 Khalil This is the same, which Pachymeres Taclinmares calls. L. VII. c. 29 B. II. p. 41o. J ) Niceph. Greg.L. VII c. $ 6. i5o meaning, and Pachym. L. VI. c . NBII p. 4 »3 ') Enyel '»Geichiclile of Servia S.` $ g. 0 N' c - Greg L. VII.. C. 8 p. "56th

•) l,, l, un. L. VII. C. M. B. II p. Where. b ) perielbe. c ) Engel '"G'" chichle of Servia p. 249 d ) Just as S. & 5o. ") Nicepb. Greg. L. Vllf. "•" • $ 5. II B. S, a "6 n. ' Pbr "nzei I. Bucb 5th c. Age" "task p. 7

long, burning crops and towns berennend, the cultivation of the fields and the traffic of cities inhibited. "They exhausted the land and the treasureof the Emperor so much, he ge / .wungen was that the gold and the jewels of the sale of costume, so much so that the coronation Cantacuzene bey's, his successor, the Crown only tinsel and stones was wrong with occupied b .

With Urchan's government begins the era of

Ueberffatfff '

, 1- TÜi -A en. first peaceful and friendly intercourse between Ottomans and Byzantines, the change from war and truce, of enmity and Büiidniss. iS ';. Andronicus the elder called Ottoman troops to his aid against his grandson Andronicus the Younger, who between Tzurulum (Tschorli) andSelymbrla Silivri) failed (so they Constantinople fled to, and there by the emperor, who called them, Erlaubiiiss and ships to Return to Asia sought and obtained c . The younger Andronicus, with the Genoese war no less than interwoven with the Ottomans, allied itself with the neighbors against the first Urchan's, with the Lords of Saruchan and Aidin (di Lydia undJoniens). He went to Phocaea that by shipping and the liberty of meaning of their first founders so famous Ionian city whose inhabitants, the first of the Greeks, the seas on long boats crossed d , and those who prefer the rule of the Persians recognized as, with his wife and child the waves entrusted to the walls of the city with ships exchanging e , his father's field and the wirthliche home, leaving behind boars and predatory wolves t-The predatory wolves damahls classical digging old Phocaa desecrated goods, the Turks, whose father TürA- . as that of the Romans to have been suckled Wölfinn Being one of whose ancestors in the sixth century was

•) Phranzei just there. b ) Niccph. Greg. L. VIII. § cu. 5. I '. BS 216 midi .. XV. cn $ .4. HBS 49y. Sansovino is the number 8000 on, on, the transition from the year i32i a following with confounding. °) Canlacuzen L, L c. 3z. Volume IS (/ (. J ; Herodotus I. 103rd '; same I. 105th

== ==

127-131[]

Hıristiyanlık döneminde, onların bayrakları bulunan bir kurt, yol mızrak ön girişinde bir ucunun altın bir kurt ve onların çadır prensler dizilmişbir .Ssaruchan, Türkmenler prens ve antik Lidya, ve, Aidin eski İonia, Andronicus ile Phocaea müttefik genç, getirilen hediyeler, büyükelçi, bu tarafından görünen kişi b . Beyde filo döşenmişbir kuşatma için gıda imparator ile olan Neuphocäa kalenin hangi ait Ceneviz Sakız ve Midilli damahls gibi.

Hiçbir er imparator oldu na.chDidymotichon (J) emitöka.) beşinci döndü ti iletisi o var ki yedi- j o Türkler. gemilerin onlarca olan , Truva sahili Rabbin, i33i. Karası Prensi, Hellespont set Chersonesus ve) (Karaferia ßeroi'a indi üzerinde çevresinde Trajanopolis perişan c . Kaiser kez olarak aldığı müşteri bunların, o uzak onları sürmek işe asker. Çok kılıç vardı altına düştü yüz döndü bile onbeş kalan Trakya dan bir imparator d .

Constantinople döndü imparator oldu ebenSectaier hakkında, Trakya, ikamet etmek için terk Türkler. tekrar-ona i33z sonrası şehirlere ziyaret olarak görüyorum. Hakimler var trenler geldi Zwey bölünmüş içine Hellespont, üzerinde süvari Türk başka bir set olduğunu.

biri olan kuzey, diğeri güneyde çekerek bu şehirlerin çevresini Polybolos, Kissot, Akonitci şehir olduğunu tahrip, Rhaidestos premilling) Bizanthe Rodosto bugün saldırdı (. Bu birlikler tarafından dövüldü Üzerlerine gönderilen ve tekrar satılan girişti onları. Kez İmparator yaklaşımı duymuştu bir .

Sert dinlenme ve Bizans imparatorluğu tarafından Karası £ "filosunun (ve Mysia) ve ordularıve Osman'ın ( ) Bithynia bunun ise daha fazla, preslenmiş

') Gibhon CXLII. Çıkış IV, s. dördüncü MenancUr pasaj sonra 2i5. les. b ) Cantacuzene L. II. c. i3.1. BS & 38 c ) Can't. angef gör. Yerleştirir. •) Dcnelbe L. II. Cn 261 Bey IS'ic. Greg. yazım hatası, teruiutulich yüz beş var sadece. r ) canl. L. II. O. tt AOO İÇİN.

onları bir ihtiyaç için cinsiyet ile dostluk ve barış, olmamış) İyonyalılar için () bitirmek en azından, daha önce olduğu gibi birlikte Ssaruchan (Lidyalılar Aidin ve. için tuzak yakından acele yardım Nikomedia için, İmparator ancak ve piyade üzerine, kadırga ve yük gemileri atılmak atlılar vardı biethend önce o bile nico Medyan barış savaş ya da sahil, aksine's yaklaştı Osman Hem kök tek o vardı göl. İmparator ve sayaç Gruss Gruss yanıt verdi ki savaş süre hazırlıklı o, ama barış için hazırdı. Haberci i333. yan her atanan tarafından, Urchan altından o Bedingniss aynı kapalıolan Sezar arkadaşı, kalan şehirlerin bir imparatorluk onlara dokunmaz. Daha sonra hediyeler Pardelfelle ve halı edildi alışverişinde yan Urchan atları, av köpekleri; diğer: gümüş kupalar, yün ve ipek kumaşlar ve birine , Cantacuzene dediği gibi imparator giysileri, "GE, barbarların bey satraplar ve onur en yüksek işaret bilinen ve tahmin edilen "iyi" istiyorum *. O kalıntıları ve oldu uygulamadır olağanüstü saygı barış antlaşmaları ilk bu Bizanslılar, hatta Osmanlılar hediyeler diplomatik formlarının ve Doğu aşağı son kez nahmentlich görmek için bu onur gümüş elbiseler fincan, ne erken. Hatta Yunanlılar vücut Farsça krallar kaftanlar vardı giymiş, gömlek onun en büyük dostluk rehin Louis olarak St dağlara gönderilen adam Haçlı Seferleri eski son bir gömlek, olarak onu istedim olmak sevgi daha o göstermek ve beslenen b ve Her iki sürece temsilciliğe ve hediyeler au kapısı getirdi Roma İmparatoru onur, gümüş kupalar onları ana bileşen parçası bir idi c .

Hiçbir er zorunda imparator döndü Macedönien burada göl ve kenti yakınlarındaki Selanik _ arasındaki bu Bolbe (şimdi Beschik) bir 1334 Stok Servier yarımadanın uç uç kırma vardı üzerinde Turks gemi altmış çünkü o ileti aldım ^ aykırıolan Ai ve dağlar ho arasında paella , ardından Cassandra denilen * 'bile, ve bugün harabe Potidaea (Sessizce sonraki Neukassandra görünür), Blasted harap şehrin Sarrylier eski de bölge * indi yakın imparator Domestikos büyük taşındı ileriye. Savaş zordu;. Esir Çünkü bölgede belki $ orman çoğu kişi öldürülmüş ya da ve sadece düşman yayalar değil. Bu, ormanda gizli olduğunu SchifPeh geri yaptıkları gün sonra geri döndü, geri easons beüttbeladen tek yol bu onları iki, yanmışd -. Hangi prens komutanı bildiklerini bir değil Asya yakası Cantacuzenus raporları ^ ait bu filo ile geçiş (bigenden olabilir sol şüphe yok.

Umurbtg, oğlu zaten yukarıda bir -için .- "/ f ^" , içinde Yardımlarının ites of Smyrna ve Ephefus ** i * Lord diğer İon kentinden, yetmiş ve beş filo indi bir. gemilerde ilk ve Kumutzenen Samothrace yeri, açılış Poros ve Trakya kıyılarının için e yerini bugün ama değişiklik ile daha az ve satın almalarK.umuldschina { . yani Rumlar ve Türkler yüzey elde değil uzakta Pana-gia diğer her; darbeler, sadece bir deyişle "pasif beydenHeerö Gün boyu yerine dikilen bu yapılan on saldırıları ve sayısı hakkında dönüşümlü Yunanlılar üzerinde ve Türkler ile gün batımı kaplı. * tarafından rahatsız edilmeden bir bakın kalkmıştıS-.

j Canlac. LH e. 25 6 im.l Suloiiik IS 278 arasında! Girit köyüne Schiost Rhctme de. ) Marjinal nota (Jantacuzen diyor) " paella ve ISahmc Rassandra oldu. c ; I.Tb. erkek kim VU. Iaqt S.455) vücut o Herodot ve taach Thucydidei's Sl.idt Cantacüzen dieje düşünce bu olurdu değil (s. 278) fiberaehedi • CINTAC). cit 279 • ') Koujiout (tiiiuv Cantac. s. 287 *) Hadtchi (ilialfa'i Ramili s. 69 *) Canlac. L. II. C. 28 288

Arkadaş • Yaşlı Andro One (yıl boyunca hangi 'liindria m k bizi öldü) inOstenuud Bizans İmparatorluğu ^ rf j £ j- ea , ancak batı unangefeindet yenilenen takip

starú ve Ly (müzakereleri ile İmparator Ssaruchan Bytant. gıdaya BelagerungMitylene's undPhocäa's widerdie Ceneviz ve ezik) gemiler için ve Aidiu (İyonyalılar) *. İlk ile Ssaruchan sözleşme tamamlanmış, asker ve gemiler, ve imparator, ancak BefreyungSuleiman's ve asil Türk oğulları diğer sayısı dört ve yirmi söz verdi, Ceneviz yakalanan geri Phocaa düzenledi. Bu şehrin duvarları, Aidin belirdi önce kamp çocuk Chifr, Umur ve Süleymanolduğunu b barış ve yardım, umut verici ve ev zengin döndü. Ssaruchan kendini gemi otuz çıktı dört ve yirmi ile oğlu Umur gönderdi, Aidin.Cantacuzene, büyük Domestik "-. sayfa nächderLandung düşmanca alanında Umurbeg ve beyKumuldschinagegenüber ve depo bey Phocaa dostu kent yerli (Klazornene durdu toplantı kişisel davet bir oldu yakın zamanda, o ve çevresindeki Anaxagoras) ve müzik Wurla bugün c biri, o uzun ağırladı dört gün en misafirperver Bizanslılar barışçıl kullanımı ikna ona Ceneviz ve karşı thätigsteii yardım) ile Philadelphians sakinlerinin (Alaschehr müttefik ve samimi için temellerini atan ve içinde gibi hikaye 's neredeyse romantik dostluk, hangi kadar görünür Cantacuzene, 's Umurbeg Todo için yıl on sürdü için. ve Ssaruchan filo görevden hediyeler vardı dağılmış zengin, Latin çünküd . Dostluk ve Urchan rakipleri Bizans İmparatoru ile Ssaruchan ve Aidin, komşular ve yapılan

. "L. C. 20) TO) 391aynı L. II. II Cantec c. 29.6 .. 1, s. 293 isimleri Yunanca denir: aif <£ VFL, Xtms, AuO'Jfj, ; ZouXaip.? c S.. 294 33o c.. 3o) ile aynı. - erkek III. II 3 L. d ) canl "c. limurl> fg's 288 s. Ajuupmxi Cantacuzene kabul etmek, tarafından: yazilacaktir yılında İtalyanlar tarafından Morbattan ve sakat edilmiş gibi tuuezianiichen Üzerinde tarih iyi bilinir.

açık savaş 'Bizanslılar ile damahls Galata ve Phocaa anlaşılmıştır Ceneviz doğal arkadaşlar, bağlayın.

sırasında ani bir bütün • £«"'<" Urchan ile iyi-

. geçiş

Karası giden tren yaptığı ve b Yüzler, - Türkler. barış, inci geldi Triglia (burun l33 kapatır güney Modania 7den) mesaj Körfez bu Urchan ile altı ve otuz gece gemiler yaptım, ya da kesinlikle sonraki Coiistantinopel yıkım kalıcı günü sona erecek kadar kısa gemi ve kurma, seynicht ancak soygun, c ve beyden işgali, yer yer, Sladt ve kapılarında d Athyras ve Epibatos hesaplandı. Imparator Noble ve kırk askerlere karşı yirmi büyük Domestikos Cantacuzene ve gönderilen Ennakosidi iniş çıkışlı şüphelenilen yerleri ve kendisini silahlı Yani bir filo 'un tüm ne kadırga ama iki, liman damahls silah kapasitesi e . Yanan ahır ve kadın ve uluyan çalınan Kimler bey barbarlar ilân etmesi üliegium (Bujukdschekmedsche) gece sona erdi f . Cantacuzene, uzaklaştı ve çok düşman, saldırıya ve hatta hevesle ile Zwey kadırga bir bey, İmparator şafak monte Cantacuzene's at. Jn son sonrasına kadar öğle hatta savaşlar vardı bin Türkler ve yakalandılar üç yüz aksi inanılmaz Nicephorus Gregoras rapor değil, bir Yunan. Kalan Türkler düştü, deniz ip aşağı onları yelken kuvvet artışı sadece üç gemi yelken, böylece biri kendi gemi sekizde kadırga, imparatorluk yelkenleri giydi on kişi aynı şeyi olacağını görmek ne girişti aşağı direkleri. Otuz beş gemi İmparator ** ve geri kalan boş ATN kıyılarında

*) Niceph. Greg. L. IV. Kupası 33a. ') Denizde soygun olduğunu işgalinden önce yıl içerisinde dolu l'hemen Karası ile. 'Ben Cantac. L II c S ^. 307 için d ) Niceph. Greg. aa 33 OS. " Bak TopoSnpliie Constaatinopels ve Boğaz II S. \. e ) Cantac. cit 3O3. ') Viceph. Gres-HI. S 33a t) Cantac. cit 308 h ) Niceph. Gregortt Lütt imparator on dört okul ve on kaçış almak sadece.

132-136[]

plundered the following night the bodies of his family • with. Nine other Turkish ships which to help hasten wanted theirs to come in this secondly night, attacked Zwey imperial galleys to, and would have the same soon taken possession, for the Turks fought already on the deck of one, but they were defeated and escaped with only one ships l> .

Despite these to the gates of the main . Turkish city extended forays was the Emperor

1340. blind enough Turks in his service to take as auxiliary troops, namely two thousand, the Lord of Ephesus and Smyrna (Aidin) obeyed c . Rather than be deterred by that were Ottoman prey to new companies with increased power attracted only to their translated denHellespont eight thousand, day and night and Thrace, Mysia devastated, and an act laden hardly even wanted to return d .

F. Ufier Such oppression was new for peace

'Rfürk / n. necessary actions, the peace was origi

1341. chanthe more the fastest on renewed as Ssaruchan, breaking the same, with a fleet commanded by Jachschi the Greek dominions threatened hostile, and sometimes really devastated. Zweymahl beat the grosseDomestikos Gantacuzen the landed troops on Ghersonesos so Jachschi the renewal of the prestigious, and easily won peace f .

Cantacuzenos more tiun Domestikos not large, the Turks, but by the happy results of his own scheming emperor and co-regent Joannes ofPalaeologi, founded the building unlawfully acquired power to outrage inside and on the assistance of the barbarians from the outside. Umurbeg, Prince Aidin's, with whom he Phocaea special personal friendship appeared to be closed to his aid with a fleet vondreyhundert eighty ships, with eight and twenty thousand

•) Canuc. •. ". OS 300th b ) Marriages ila. °) Nii eph. Greg. L. XI. c. 6. BS II 33f>. d ) Drucll "! cap. 7. P. 338 ') C "ut" c. L. HI. BH co p. 3 79 . t) plane d "p. 381

Warriors manned, on the other mouth of Hebros. Cantacnzenos by his opponent, the Grand-Apokaukos admirals, was hard pressed, damahls Didymotichon to its other allies, the King of Servia, escaped, and had his Gemahlinn, the new Empress Irene, left behind. She sent the allied friends of her husband, the nobles of the court, and as much as they could raise horses, Namely hundred against. So small the number, the gratitude was then but Umnrbeg, which is the same for the elders, "an army distributed among, Himself But with two thousand of his choicest soldiers to walk to Didymotichon marched. There he distributed the booty derSehiigenunter the inhabitants of the beleaguered city, which a Turk almost unbelievable, left nine thousand men of the army elect, together with five hundred of his protection of the city back to, and went with the other fifteen hundred and the rest of the army, almost zwanzis; thousand strong b the Cantacnzen into servisehe dominions after. "The people of Pherae did train through forged letters to his that she in Cantacuzene's acquisitions presented c back. He after Bfaans sea returned where the ships at the mouth of Hebros were anchored. Dreyhunde.rt seamen, and almost all the prisoners were one night in bitter cold froze. Umurbeg dieKaiserinn wrote to Irene, Cantacuzene's Gemahlinn, apologetically, that it cold even say goodbye to the great prevent (1 , and return for next year, promising he led the fleet back.

The spring winds of the following year, three hundred sail schwellteil Umurbeg's, but a storm that j * r Turks. Eubßa staggered to the fleet, they decrease a 1343rd Third, only two hundred and landed at K / opa e , near Thessalonika's, before its walls Cantacnzen Umurbeg met. After one has beratheil,

•) Cint 'c. L. III. c. 56. B. II S 5io b ) The same l.. III. c. 5 <i. B. II. '51i. <) Just as eighth S ^ a. d ) Just as S. 543, "j Derselbr L. III. c. fis. B. II S. 667th

whether the city by force of arms to take, or to force through hunger Sey, Cantacuzene chose the latter out of sheer devotion to the Holy Martyr Demetrius, "from his wonder-Sar ^ GE Town fragrant Oehl dripped into. In the course of a Monath sent Umurbeg the fleet back to the army only six thousand men, keeping a firm hold of, that and Cantacuzene of Thessaloriika set off him, and on the seventh day the pass vouChristopolis and the same barrier wall reached, th b . Perithoreum fruitless was besieged, and they returned Didymotichon back to where Umurbeg brilliant festivals received with the virtues of the Empress Irene gallantly praised c . Meanwhile, under negotiated the Empress mother (Anne of Savoy) and their support, the Gross-Admiral Apokaukos, both with the king of the Bulgarians with Umurbeg to him to return to move Asia **. The gallant Turk outwitted the Greek host, and led the without the knowledge usual for negotiation with the court of Byzantium, so last sent by that Cantacuzene, happy or forced to talk, let the ten thousand gold pieces, which Umurbeg the Gegenpartey Cantacuzene's supposed to, would serve only him new strength to continue the Cantacuzene to provide for war e . He embarked himself, with the promise that soon help to appear with greater. The prints led him not only the Byzantine gold as to him in his own country threatening enemy threat, where the Latin fleet, from the galleys of the Venetians,the Pope and the of Cyprus zusammenge1344. is its capital Smyrna threatened king. The Castle of Smyrna was in the power of the first meal in

•) Niccph. Gres. L. XIII. c. 10. §. 8. II BS 4. " b ) Niceph. Gres. XIII. c. 10. §. 10. II BS 412th c ) The same L. XIV. $ ci. i. II-BS 43 "and Cantac. L. III. c.66 B. II;. P. 5 5 d ) Canuc. L. III. c. 70 B. II. Niceph p. 591. Gr & e. L. XIV. Ci §. 5. B. II. P. 431 e ) Niceph. Gre:;. c. 5. §. i. p. 443 f ) Caniac. L. III. c. 68. II B. S 58 $. Screens also Laugict histoire de Venise T. III. p. 3O4, biftoin squandered d «l ChiTtlier" Hotpitalie "and Bernino't memorie hi> tp third

Crusade against the Turks or Christians allied Latins% as they call the Byzantines, the Arsenal and the fleet's Umurbeg were burned, and galleys cruising prevented both the construction of new vessels to return Umurbeg's at sea.

To be able to translate the Hellespont, with the neighboring Umnrbeg Ssaruchan around the country traversed by its mnsste negotiate. Ssaruchan allowed the free men of pulling up to the Hellespont against assignment of a disputed piece of land, and recommended that the Umurbeg nor particularly his son Suleiman b , which used the Cantacuzene zo Aigios Potamos paid a visit already, the same and arms bestowed had horses, (and friendly receiving him was r . This drew Umurbeg in Suleiman, the son Ssaruchan's accompanied, with twenty thousand horse, the Asian coast up to the Hellespont, where he was Europe went over and above Didymotichon for the third meal as an ally Cantacuzene's seemed to. He was the same at once against the Bulgarians Momitzilas Bey, who, lord of Xanthia and the cities of the landscape Merope up to the boundary Morea, at this moment the most dangerous enemy of the empire was d . Umurbeg suggested the same before Perithoreum, Xanthia fell, and Momitzilas moved his treasures freely to Bulgaria from e . council of war, whether Pherae which of the Kral Servier laid siege to the or shock, to Constantinople to march in the held Sey was Cantacuzene, first advised of den'Türken overruled the, and the march went to of the capital, the gates to Apamea f (in between now and Kutschuktschekmedsche Balikli located palace) Suleiman, Ssaruchan's son, died of a fever, see To Beyme father suspected of

•) CanUc.aa O. >>) Der.elbe L. III. c.86. B. Il. S.efa. ") Dcrielhec. 76. 5 - 617th ) Denelbe <p. 65o. • ") Eben S. da. *.) ConiUuünopoli" and • Icr Busporoi 11th 65a p. 8 *) CiuUc r.. 8 |. p. 66l.

Poisoning avert decided Umurbeg, home to noble, and he therefore introduced its Bustards back again, though he had decided at first, from his friends rather not as it was on the end of the separating war Servian. The Empress, mother Joannes of Palaeologi, the evil Beyspiele's Cantacuzene following, now sought also bey the Turks, and that bey Ssaruchan, help, the same granted to her, but it was useless by Umurbeg's active friendship for Cantacuzene Freyzügigkeit. After piner damahh between the Turkish princes of the coast of Asia moral of the robbery let everyone likes to give it that to s a troop when raids ran out to even stranger comrades of the danger and prey came across as b . This met with which Ssaruchan's, which the Empress aid rushed to two thousand faithful Umurbeg's what his secret commands , their companions in arms of the Empress defected to make the majority, and the emperor, his friends turn, faithfully fulfilled and happy l .

But för Cantacuzene opened the prospect of a c "n <a-new Turkish allies, a more powerful and sls Umurbeg Ssaruchan in the courtship TJrchan's order of the Emperor's daughter ll . This sent the first ad Both stock with grantors or negative answer, but with friendly "words and rich presents back either, he took counsel sent ambassadors with his faithful friends Umurbeg, and tried the same again in this important occasion by him received from Jl.itli that the application be rejected by no means be; because if he also Urchan no true friend, he would find him but a powerful protector in t.The well-meant advice was to discard the less than at the same time also to help Urchan Kaiserinu Anna's, and probably also

") Cinuc. S. 662nd b ) The same L. III. c. 06. B. II. S. 685th ') It was precisely because p. 68;. • ') The same c. 95. B. II. C8i S.. •) I. The same. II, c. 95. S. 681st

137-141[]

he honor of intermarriage courted. Cantacuzene engaged so the princess, his daughter, the prince of Qsmanen, many of the ships Reitereyund the most respected the imperial court sent his bride to be hollow, thirty. " The emperor broke with the army, court and family nachSelymbria (Silivri), where the plain before the city a with-imposed framework pitched was towels in, on which the old, bey marriages of princesses to outsiders usual ceremonial of the Byzantine court, the bride before their departure, the people had to be shown on the show. Beside it was the imperial tent, where the Empress her three with daughters, au to surrender certain evenings was the Empress with the change, the two daughters in the tent, the Emperor sat on horseback, all the rest stood around expectantly, as fell to given signal, the silk with gold-embroidered curtains of the show stand down from all sides at once, and Brant was in the middle kneeling eunuchs, which she lit with torches, the people on display. It sounded the clash of trumpets, whistles and other musical instruments and Schalmey, and the same dies as, the singers sang in praise of the bride wedding poems from the manufactured. According to other common About Gabs-Cereraonien Byzantine princess brides were soldiers, government officials, Greeks and Turks for several days with a festive meal entertained hinduroh b , and l3 4 6 , the Greek princess joy carried away with the bridal bed ofsechzigjährigeu barbarians, the twelve year old boy's father Osman Greek Palace to the first lady stole the bride had c . Between the first and secondly marriage is half a century of conquest, which the Greeks bride to the young lady in the castle stolen from

•) C 'Uc. L. HI. c. o5. II, 684th BS k ) tlrchan born i. J. 687 (1288), "rmählt first meal with the bride of the Lord of Biledschik i. J. 699'-".* • secondly, to choose the daughter Canlacuzen 'i i. J. i3 {6th

that Staatsgepränge willingly handed emperor's daughter was changed.

Fifteen- i m the following year Urchan visited with his gang of the entire family and the court the father-i348 * ' to Scutari in the nearby suburb on the Asian shore of his residence, and several days passed in hunting and plates. DerKaiser with Urchan, his son-sat at a table, the sons of the same from previous wives beside it on another four, sat around the chief Greek and Turkish rugs on the ground were spread on the. Then Urchan stood still in the camp and bey the fleet back, but the Emperor and his daughter Theodora and her four step-sons, went to Constantinople, where days with the Kaiserinu M u tl <^ r and the princess sisters spent three, and then plentifully to Bithynia return '"'. The band of the new friendship and blood relationship is not hampered the old habit of robbery bey the Osmaiien. Soon after the visit Urchan's on the Bosporus, sat on the Hellespont a crowd exquisite Ottoman war over it, and laid waste the Thracian cities. Because the banks located in places durcli Previous forays ravaged, goods and people emptied of, (they healed themselves into two lines, so that the cavalry twelve hundred men in the east turned strong, and area around I5iza by running the "fourteen hundred pedestrians However, the Rhodope and the Didymotichon located around cities right leaving, in the peninsula ofChalkidiki (between the Strymonikos and Thermaic Gulf, now the Contessa and salon called) broke. Here they come, the governor Halkidiki's, Matthew, the son Cantacuzene's contrary, and after a lively battle, in which the Turkish archers on the nature of the Parthian fleeing challenged and turned back shot remained, none of them

•) Cintic L. IT. c. 4. B. III. 5. 717.

left to their defeat to Asia with the news. Cantacuzene was lodged by Mitlia (the old Salmydessos), in the political coast, where he outraged commander to order put a man on the march Adrianople understood against when he the news of this invasion of the Turks, and the approach of the fourteen hundred pedestrian received. He met her at Mount Lippikos stored, where he, however, because of that cut through reason and also their superior numbers will not attack trenches, but they at night without being noticed on the foot was difficult, and until the following morning the city bey Mesena battle began. Kara Mohammed, one of the Turkish leader fell, the other, Kara Osman% occupied with his family a hill on which they fought bravely lent. The emperor invited them to devoted to him, and though she's refused at first, so they came but his repeated event call down on themselves before him prostrating and his feet kissing the. While they imagined how little so hostile behavior to friends send him put his Eidam and some young. barons reckless infidelities and licentious fury of the biggest hazards. They rushed to the Emperor adjacent Turks on, and cut them together more. light they had with drawn sword in his hand, Kaiser cut together, but can the loyalty of the Turkish prisoners shielded from the effects of Greek treachery the life of the Emperor at the risk of . hers she did not under the condition that this break given word and peace against the ^ Villa's Cantacuzene. called this in Turkish to them on the save hill before the unbridled fury of his family. Nine Turks, together with their leader secondly (Kara Osman) were thus disloyal to

•)-Niceph. Greg. L. XVI. c. 7. P. 5A6-5A8. ) C «nt« c. L. IV. C. 10. . III. Page 739 Kapa Majrc'jjj. TT and Maaaroujtayo / "> U heitsen Kapaor

• been cut to pieces, three hundred died in the earlier meetings, rest, the Emperor granted free men of Hood, and dismissed them with gifts, "it's deemed unworthy," (is this its own words) "non? the healing u. save their his faithfulness confided, "and (if he can add) his life at the risk of had spared theirs. Secttiehnter After the death Umnrbeg's, which bey one of the Turks, unhappy attempts, its capital Smyrna Latins again to wrest '349 him of like an arrow pierced b was Urchan, if not the personal friend, but the helper and ally of his father, Cantacuzene's. Whether the application ofthe young Emperor Joannes the Palaeologi the Thronnebenbuhler Cantacuzene's, by poison out of the way to clear Merdschan eunuchs, really Urchan or from the bustle of the hergerührt eunuchs c , or maybe even Cantacuzene invented been Sey to his ward , the massive imperial law, pretext of averting the danger is so close to the guard under, or even just "I see in the history of the rejection of the glory poisoning attack, we do not examine here. Legal aid as such by poison against his rival on the throne, was in any case, the armed men who Urchan his father against the Servier provided by his troops under his son, Suleiman's, commands sent to their aid. Although the son Urchan called back to Asia soon, but the Turkish auxiliaries, Conquest Beroia's, hoping for prey-rich deceived, they searched in the devastation of the countries of the kraal '" e .

Suitehattr The far between and his Cantacuzene

ätrTürTcn. Urchan passed son-friendly

i353. Money that does not preclude, the Genoese, wel

•) Niccph. Greg. L. XVI. r. 7. $. 5. B. II. S. 5AG. b ) The same L. XVI. r.. 6th B. II. S. S '5 ') C.iilac. L. IV. C. 16. B. 111th S; 66th • "), Dci same L. * IT. e. 17th B., III. S. 767th D 'nelbe S. L. IV. B. c. 18th 774th III.

before him after losing to them by the Venetian- American fleet in the Bosporus suffered for help then give, the same grant. Through Genoese Gold GE gained was Urchan also long been the Ve- nezianern gram, because it was close with fleets ih- nes dominions ended up not only his friendship BundsgenossenschaCt and scorned, but not Einmahl to take knowledge of his reign. gewürdiget had to. A considerable number of door- kischer troops sat on bey Scutari, "and bar- te the Genoese Galata to help themselves in the pre- city of residence, and against the Venetians, the da- mahligen Cantacuzene's friends and allies. From here to write Urchan's hostile position GE Cantacuzene gene, previously against one Eidam John, his co-regent, to * the assistance of other Son-Namely Urchan's, numbered, and wi- of the Palaeologi Beystand only by the Ot- NEN on the zweygetheilten, fluctuating Throne had received. Now, however, also pleaded Joannes such as Can- tacuzen bey Urchan for help, and the two difficulties gersöhne were hostile to counteract the father-in-' gene; Urchan, next witness to the weakness of the Byzantine r Argentinean Government, in its capital, the Emperor of let the Genoese in law had to prescribe, and to his sole reign Cantacuzene and Joan- NES is now fought by force of arms, it was thought- according to general interest, for a time at least the- this contradicts those with less power beyzustehen, and Then again with so large that contradict this.

This time of confusion and the Civil War ^*'"*"'"" was a fitting time, which Urchan's or the Turks. took advantage of his son Suleiman's policy to on Greek dominions in Europe, the first solid foot to grasp by the ingestion of the Thracian Coast Castle Tzympe (now Dschemenlik). This eighteenth passage of the Turks, and sixteenth of the Ottomans, which in the previous Cantapuzen zweymahl •> 'm' C c. L. IV. C. 3i. B-III. S. 833rd

142-146[]

he honor of intermarriage courted. Cantacuzene engaged so the princess, his daughter, the prince of Qsmanen, many of the ships Reitereyund the most respected the imperial court sent his bride to be hollow, thirty. " The emperor broke with the army, court and family nachSelymbria (Silivri), where the plain before the city a with-imposed framework pitched was towels in, on which the old, bey marriages of princesses to outsiders usual ceremonial of the Byzantine court, the bride before their departure, the people had to be shown on the show. Beside it was the imperial tent, where the Empress her three with daughters, au to surrender certain evenings was the Empress with the change, the two daughters in the tent, the Emperor sat on horseback, all the rest stood around expectantly, as fell to given signal, the silk with gold-embroidered curtains of the show stand down from all sides at once, and Brant was in the middle kneeling eunuchs, which she lit with torches, the people on display. It sounded the clash of trumpets, whistles and other musical instruments and Schalmey, and the same dies as, the singers sang in praise of the bride wedding poems from the manufactured. According to other common About Gabs-Cereraonien Byzantine princess brides were soldiers, government officials, Greeks and Turks for several days with a festive meal entertained hinduroh b , and l3 4 6 , the Greek princess joy carried away with the bridal bed ofsechzigjährigeu barbarians, the twelve year old boy's father Osman Greek Palace to the first lady stole the bride had c . Between the first and secondly marriage is half a century of conquest, which the Greeks bride to the young lady in the castle stolen from

•) C 'Uc. L. HI. c. o5. II, 684th BS k ) tlrchan born i. J. 687 (1288), "rmählt first meal with the bride of the Lord of Biledschik i. J. 699'-".* • secondly, to choose the daughter Canlacuzen 'i i. J. i3 {6th

that Staatsgepränge willingly handed emperor's daughter was changed.

Fifteen- i m the following year Urchan visited with his gang of the entire family and the court the father-i348 * ' to Scutari in the nearby suburb on the Asian shore of his residence, and several days passed in hunting and plates. DerKaiser with Urchan, his son-sat at a table, the sons of the same from previous wives beside it on another four, sat around the chief Greek and Turkish rugs on the ground were spread on the. Then Urchan stood still in the camp and bey the fleet back, but the Emperor and his daughter Theodora and her four step-sons, went to Constantinople, where days with the Kaiserinu M u tl <^ r and the princess sisters spent three, and then plentifully to Bithynia return '"'. The band of the new friendship and blood relationship is not hampered the old habit of robbery bey the Osmaiien. Soon after the visit Urchan's on the Bosporus, sat on the Hellespont a crowd exquisite Ottoman war over it, and laid waste the Thracian cities. Because the banks located in places durcli Previous forays ravaged, goods and people emptied of, (they healed themselves into two lines, so that the cavalry twelve hundred men in the east turned strong, and area around I5iza by running the "fourteen hundred pedestrians However, the Rhodope and the Didymotichon located around cities right leaving, in the peninsula ofChalkidiki (between the Strymonikos and Thermaic Gulf, now the Contessa and salon called) broke. Here they come, the governor Halkidiki's, Matthew, the son Cantacuzene's contrary, and after a lively battle, in which the Turkish archers on the nature of the Parthian fleeing challenged and turned back shot remained, none of them

•) Cintic L. IT. c. 4. B. III. 5. 717.

left to their defeat to Asia with the news. Cantacuzene was lodged by Mitlia (the old Salmydessos), in the political coast, where he outraged commander to order put a man on the march Adrianople understood against when he the news of this invasion of the Turks, and the approach of the fourteen hundred pedestrian received. He met her at Mount Lippikos stored, where he, however, because of that cut through reason and also their superior numbers will not attack trenches, but they at night without being noticed on the foot was difficult, and until the following morning the city bey Mesena battle began. Kara Mohammed, one of the Turkish leader fell, the other, Kara Osman% occupied with his family a hill on which they fought bravely lent. The emperor invited them to devoted to him, and though she's refused at first, so they came but his repeated event call down on themselves before him prostrating and his feet kissing the. While they imagined how little so hostile behavior to friends send him put his Eidam and some young. barons reckless infidelities and licentious fury of the biggest hazards. They rushed to the Emperor adjacent Turks on, and cut them together more. light they had with drawn sword in his hand, Kaiser cut together, but can the loyalty of the Turkish prisoners shielded from the effects of Greek treachery the life of the Emperor at the risk of . hers she did not under the condition that this break given word and peace against the ^ Villa's Cantacuzene. called this in Turkish to them on the save hill before the unbridled fury of his family. Nine Turks, together with their leader secondly (Kara Osman) were thus disloyal to

•)-Niceph. Greg. L. XVI. c. 7. P. 5A6-5A8. ) C «nt« c. L. IV. C. 10. . III. Page 739 Kapa Majrc'jjj. TT and Maaaroujtayo / "> U heitsen Kapaor

• been cut to pieces, three hundred died in the earlier meetings, rest, the Emperor granted free men of Hood, and dismissed them with gifts, "it's deemed unworthy," (is this its own words) "non? the healing u. save their his faithfulness confided, "and (if he can add) his life at the risk of had spared theirs. Secttiehnter After the death Umnrbeg's, which bey one of the Turks, unhappy attempts, its capital Smyrna Latins again to wrest '349 him of like an arrow pierced b was Urchan, if not the personal friend, but the helper and ally of his father, Cantacuzene's. Whether the application ofthe young Emperor Joannes the Palaeologi the Thronnebenbuhler Cantacuzene's, by poison out of the way to clear Merdschan eunuchs, really Urchan or from the bustle of the hergerührt eunuchs c , or maybe even Cantacuzene invented been Sey to his ward , the massive imperial law, pretext of averting the danger is so close to the guard under, or even just "I see in the history of the rejection of the glory poisoning attack, we do not examine here. Legal aid as such by poison against his rival on the throne, was in any case, the armed men who Urchan his father against the Servier provided by his troops under his son, Suleiman's, commands sent to their aid. Although the son Urchan called back to Asia soon, but the Turkish auxiliaries, Conquest Beroia's, hoping for prey-rich deceived, they searched in the devastation of the countries of the kraal '" e .

Suitehattr The far between and his Cantacuzene

ätrTürTcn. Urchan passed son-friendly

i353. Money that does not preclude, the Genoese, wel

•) Niccph. Greg. L. XVI. r. 7. $. 5. B. II. S. 5AG. b ) The same L. XVI. r.. 6th B. II. S. S '5 ') C.iilac. L. IV. C. 16. B. 111th S; 66th • "), Dci same L. * IT. e. 17th B., III. S. 767th D 'nelbe S. L. IV. B. c. 18th 774th III.

before him after losing to them by the Venetian- American fleet in the Bosporus suffered for help then give, the same grant. Through Genoese Gold GE gained was Urchan also long been the Ve- nezianern gram, because it was close with fleets ih- nes dominions ended up not only his friendship BundsgenossenschaCt and scorned, but not Einmahl to take knowledge of his reign. gewürdiget had to. A considerable number of door- kischer troops sat on bey Scutari, "and bar- te the Genoese Galata to help themselves in the pre- city of residence, and against the Venetians, the da- mahligen Cantacuzene's friends and allies. From here to write Urchan's hostile position GE Cantacuzene gene, previously against one Eidam John, his co-regent, to * the assistance of other Son-Namely Urchan's, numbered, and wi- of the Palaeologi Beystand only by the Ot- NEN on the zweygetheilten, fluctuating Throne had received. Now, however, also pleaded Joannes such as Can- tacuzen bey Urchan for help, and the two difficulties gersöhne were hostile to counteract the father-in-' gene; Urchan, next witness to the weakness of the Byzantine r Argentinean Government, in its capital, the Emperor of let the Genoese in law had to prescribe, and to his sole reign Cantacuzene and Joan- NES is now fought by force of arms, it was thought- according to general interest, for a time at least the- this contradicts those with less power beyzustehen, and Then again with so large that contradict this.

This time of confusion and the Civil War ^*'"*"'"" was a fitting time, which Urchan's or the Turks. took advantage of his son Suleiman's policy to on Greek dominions in Europe, the first solid foot to grasp by the ingestion of the Thracian Coast Castle Tzympe (now Dschemenlik). This eighteenth passage of the Turks, and sixteenth of the Ottomans, which in the previous Cantapuzen zweymahl •> 'm' C c. L. IV. C. 3i. B-III. S. 833rd


147-151[]

was hung a ; Bulair, before which a dervish to the Mevlevi Order of the Prince with his hood Anwünschung of blessing and good luck gifts offered up to: Suleiman she accepted gratefully, NND put them on the head, how long a time for the ' gegupfte cylinder of Mewlewihaube the form of head covering of the princes of the Ottoman Empire was b ; Malgara, made famous by the Vortrefllichkeit his far and wide seduced honey c ; Ipssala (the Greek Kypsele) d , three little days' journey from Kallipolis and even much of Malgara away so on the banks of Marizza (of ), through its beautiful location and mild air Hebrus awarded at last Rodosto (Rhadestos or Resistos), a least Bifanthe today Tehurtaghi called in the earliest period of the Thracian prince reigned in Resus, the latest in the Hungarian Rakozy with the remains of his restless main appendix to the grave bearing his l . All of these cities fell in the same year in the hands of the Turks, all the way to Hireboli (Chariupolis) and Tschorll (Tznrnlum) • roamed disastrous eighthCantacuzene Beyme Urchan complained about the treachery of his son Suleiman, Urchan, procedure so apologetic that he cities, not this force of arms, but the earthquake had wanted to open, releasing, not heard from them. Cantacuzene said, is it not handle a question of whether they open the gates or through the broken walls in the cities come by, but whether they have the same legally or illegally possessed> en. Urchan sought postponement promised, then, with good administration to move back to the son, NND Cantacuzene promised for the slaying of four thousand ducats. Urchan invited the son to a meeting on niko Median bay one, also wobey

and the cities should appear rarückgcbcn Suleiman. Cantacuzene came up with a galley to Nicomedia, but did not appear Urchan, disease vorwendend one, and Dingo Cantacuzene returned to Constantinople back empty-*. Urchan, the power of between Cantaeuzen and his ward, the Palaeologi, Byzantine Empire divided looked, turned quickly to those soon to this on the requirements of his own interest, so the last of the Genoese as a friend to his son Khalil years old the Phocaea deliverance to captivity. The palaeological, unable to Kalothetes of Phocaea by force to release tothe Ottoman force prince bought this to Einmahl hundred thousand gold pieces, and mif the title of Panhyperfobattot (Allüberverehrter) los b , and sent him to the Father Urchan, who none the less same time the son Cantacuzene's, Matthew, auxiliaries to his war against the Bulgarians to Abydos sent '. . We whoring to now, transition of the Turks, especially enumerating the. Since then this side desHellespouts permanent base in focus, spitting Asia each year, new hordes of the same on Europe, until it gradually the kingdom from the banks of Propontis up to the s extended Ister, and when to these their western conquests of the limit had been set, led the spring of each year of the war, the migratory birds of to Europe over robbery, and the autumn Asia back. the same As a result, only the transition of the person of the ruler of Asian residence in the European, or the sultans from Europe to Asia to tell Army trains being; future historians is reserved to the last transition of the Ottomans with Asia excretion as alien-like portion of the organic body of European education to report to Europe, is whether we, the progressive influence in Asia

•) Cani.c. L. IV. C. 38. B. III. S. 863rd l ) Denelbe c. 44. B. III. P. 887 c ) du Ebou

to Europe by the Turkish military Gährnngsstoff further run. The conquest of Kallipolis, whereby the gate of the enlargement of the Ottoman Empirein Europe was opened, was Urchan its neighbors and rivals in power, the Asian princes whose fathers Ottoman empire of the Seljuk divided, had to with by winning letters known to exist and Such letters were immediately capture a standing article in the Ottoman Staatskanzley, and with ever increasing bombast back almost half a millennium theme varirte Turkish stylistics by f.

The protection of new territories in Europe Sutoiman's shared the conqueror Suleiman Pasha, the son and grave. "' Wefir Urchan's, and Haji Ilbeki, former Wefir of the Lord of Karasi, so in that Suleiman 7.u Kallipolis and Ilbeki Konur resided on, where those to Dimitoka, this Tschorli Hireboli and brushed up, which was Adschebeg the valley called today for his acquisitions as a fief given to ". Hardly a couple years enjoyed Suleiman's conquests, and the prospect of new, as some of his old father's heir apparent. Between Sidi Bulairund Katvak, Tues Beyme Platanenbanm of Ci'd, he ran horse after the falcon to the geese chased, and fell so unhappy, 760 (i358). that he place on the dead remained. He was not to Brusa, the new tomb Ottoman family and where he even in the quarters of the confectioner founded a mosque, but to him the burial of Bulair built. His tomb on the banks of the Hellespont was increased, for more than a century, the only one Ottoman prince on European soil, and invited the inhabitants of Asia to the pilgrimage with the sword of conquest one. Of all the heroes graves which date, the Ottoman history of thought, none more famous and more visited than that of the secondly Wefirs the kingdom of happy about ships of the Hellespont, the founder of Ottoman ') Metchri lil. 5g.

nisdior power in Europe. Not content with 'the glory of his actual historical conquest, Suleiman sealed the legend the hero nor the "miracle of a victory after his death, he a heavenly host of heroes on white horses of light surrounded by an army of infidels gained against have it, Unfortunately for the legend, the battle itself, in which he this way the orthodox champions after his death to help hurried on, forged t, thirty thousand allied Christians are on a fleet of one and sixty ships Hellespont appeared on, half to Tufla, the other Sidikawak landed, and these last fifteen thousand of the small band of true believers with the supernatural help of white horses listed heavenly light crowd destroyed were be-ing to Suleiman the. TheOttoman historians, among whom even Seadeddin the Mährchon recount not ashamed have evidently this, in any case much too strongly manned fleet of the former first, or later secondly crusade of the Turks allied Europeans picked up against, and the same from the waters Smy'rna's or the Dardanelles in the Kallipolis transferred from to the halo Suleiman's rays to increase with new ones. Even without the miracle of this victory, which European and simultaneous Byzantine stories no trace to be found in, radiates Suleiman's To accept bright enough than the first planting of Ottoman power in Europe, as if the happiness important precursor of the large Suleiman, which has the same highest peaks rising to. The tomb of the Turkish heroes, Suleiman's, which is the other northern mouth of Europe rises Hellespont is historically far more remarkable than the grave mound of theGreek hero Protesilaos, of the southern mouth on the same page at the wide Hellespont looked out, and the people in the late geborneu vielrudrigen ships speaks of: "Behold the grave outstanding of long-dead man who once bravely in battle sank! i "

No less important than the graves of the heroes

of Islam are, in the Ottoman history to the e , Chen ~ sheikhs and the dervishes, as religious founders, or m " by special holiness of their lives leave a lasting reputation has been obtained. Of those of the most famous saints in arms Urchan's bey the conquest of Nicaea's, Nicomedia's and Brusa's is already at the top end of the previous book bey Brusa's description of speech was the, the current we decide to death Urchan's the son of 761 Suleiman barely a year, survived his, and with a Kurien overview of monasticism, which even before Urchan's Government deep into the state building of the os Empire intervened manic, which as a community damahls powerful than the later organic association of law scholars or Ulema's , in the sequence (as we below shall see) to be threatened staatsverderblich by outrage even. Notwithstanding the dismissal, Mohammed's : Et is no monasticism in Islam 'which is the imitation of the Indian and Greek for i to K- seemed to rule out r, won the affection of the Arab as a desert dweller to the lonely and the word. contemplative life as soon as the preponderance of the of the prophets, and another : the Armulh iit my fame b had, as a cloak to serve, under which monasticism has thirty years after the Prophet's death in 'the hurdle of . einstahl Islam Since then, the. in Arabia, Persia and the Türkey the religious fakirs (Annen ) and the dervishes (threshold of the door) so much more that the number of dozens as a rnnde is adopted six of, and that Zwey and seventy Order of Dervishes spoke of how of-two Mebzig sects of the heretics of Islam, probably to the poison the antidote to the same extent zuzuwi "Gen. however found nowhere on the full •) Lt. Ruhbiniotun fil isluni. b ) El fokrun f "chri, odci-Jrmul / ut i did well.


152-156[]

mparatorluk • Ödeme Zwey ve yetmiş Sipariş ve Osmanlı olağan sayısının gerçek hayatta olduğunu ancak yarısı t. kurucu ki bu yarım bir üçüncü, Yani daha eski bir düzine Osmanlı, diğer zweyDrittel veya 'Zwey düzine ama İmparatorluğun başından beri bir yarısına on dördüncü yüzyılda bir (ilk ve bağışlanan onsekizinci oldu der'Naktchbendi ) ** ile Osman ve (son Dschemali) taraf üçüncü ° ile Ahmed.

e otuz yedi yıl sonra kaçan

yeşilden. peygamberlerin melek Gabriel çıktıTAHSİS , Yemen Rarn ve ona bir dünya, aldı ve erkekler neden antrenörlerin tefekkür ve yaşam bir feragat. onuruna bir peygamber, Zwey diş Uhud savaşını günlerce kaybetmiş, o gözyaşı bütün vardı ve sıcak sordu onun fanatikleri arasında kurban müritleri aynı az o sadece bir sebebi olan ve sıcak Arabistan biriydi d . şeyhleri ile hafif normlarına edildi Ohvan e , İbrahim Edhem f , SSA Yazidis of.Bestam S "ve Sırrı Safcati Sipariş kurucusu Olwani, Edhemi, Be.ilami ve Sakati izinden onun. Famous Şeyh olduğu gibi aynıAbdul KadirGilant,kurucusu Kadiri, ofis için Bağdat ve Grabhüthers düzenlenen desgrossenlmamsAbuhanife ve isimleri kendi mezar onun için Bağdat mistik şeyhler ünlü mezar gruppirentt fahri hangi nedenle, bu kentin bir aziz siper ve Sipariş alacaksınız. derRufai, kurucusu olan ipek Ahmed Rufai ' bir sözde, Avrupalı- kahramanlık ünlü birçok seyahat gelen Konstantinopolis tarafından bir Säbelverschlingens ve yangın yeme ve Selbstmärterey Yazım diğer ve yanmaz

hız, Phoibospriester Etrüsk ve ayini için yapım bu yangın hatırlıyor bir . Yönlendirmek için sırlarını kendi dini kaynak Kızılderililer Baba Relen kadar b, birlikte peygamberler ve bin ile aynı yarım zaten Alpler ve Suriye daha sonra içine yaşamış, ve gecikmiş Toros, bütün ağaçlar ve otlar sedir dan için Isop ve bilinen kullanım ve dışarıHaschischet Hindistan imal opiat getirilen gereken ilk var c ve suikastçılar Man, Eski içinde (Avrupalılar tarafından Haschischin hangi dağa suikastçılar denir) idi bozuk d . Ilk ateş yiyen Riffai Vakfı Şeyh müritlerinin sonra zaman düzenin olan Schehabeddin Siihrwerdi's, Narbachschie, yani ışık veren denilen c kabul doktrin için anlamlı bir of Order, gelen hangi sonra Stifterzweyer ödünç oldu Celaleddin Rumi, kurucusu derMewlewi, ışık teorisi şair ve Hacı Bayram, kurucusu derBeirami, ortaya f . Şeyh Nedschmeddin Knlu-a, kurucusu Kubrewi 8, bilinen sonrası zorlukla satın almalar, ancak daha mehtEbul Hasan Schafeli veya Schädeli, ilk keşfedilen mocha ve Kaffehbohne sesi güçh , ve bu nedenle patron beri KaJJehsieder, viioUweis dişsiz olarak diş kırıcı olan Baba Relen of clerBotaniker, bahçıvanlar hamisi "ve Hacı BegtaschYeniçerilerin. Des , Mevlevi kurucusu şeyhler Celaleddin Rum, büyük mistik şair ve Doğu, hangi Molla Chunkar, yani Molla kral veya imparator Bir s Alaeddin hükümdarlığına zaten ben, prenslerin büyük , bu ayakkabı ipek hikaye ve *, referans oldu son zamanlarda düşünce kapak oldu bey Sipariş fetih Bulair hediyeler bir Mevlevi oğlu Urchan's, Süleyman için anlatılmakta ve bir alâmet olduğu gibi bir zafer, şapka Muhammed II hariç aynı form, böylece oturdu kadar olan federal başkanıve şehzadeler kaldı. Daha büyük bir etkisi ailesine ve kazandı Konya olarak sipariş, onun kurucusu koltuk onun mezarı şeyhler, Osmanlıidi, gibi bloomed aynı eğitim Farsça edebiyat ve şiir gül ve ilhak İmparatorluğu ilerleme's Ssofi ışık mastar olup ile organ t (olan mükemmel Celaleddin Rumi) içinde hücre sadece bir , yalnızlığı seven adam 'değil, aynı zamanda da' Bakanlar ve devlet adamı böylece Emri, daha yaygın ve bir Mevlevi t kalem erkeklerin kardeşliği Sivil olarak, yani Efendi Kanzleyen veya nasıl emir Begtaschi erkekler askeri kardeşlik daha bir kılıç, yani Aga göz önünde Yeniçeriler olduğunu. Tüm itibaren kuruluşundan önce Osmanlıve mistik Şeyh hatır achtungswertheste şiirsel onun; saygın dini imparatorluk çoğundan Mısır'da aynı aynı anda aynı kurulan bu Ahmed Bedcwi Nişanı kurulmuşönem> olan b Bedevi girişinde lures sadece.

*) - Et orta freti Piétat Périgné cultores multa premimus vestigi »Prnna. Aeneid XI. v. 288 S. Constantmopolis ve Boğaz II 3x5 BS. ) Ataji'i biyografi yazarı. Bl 42 C I-J \ \ lia seyahatler, ayrıca bkz Kamus Constantine içinde. Belirten B III. S.635. d ) tarih auchSilv of Awaisinen s. 214,. de Sacy '"M. hareli. ") Atnji's Biogr> pli. B1.38. SühiTferdi ve »(izoS), 60 öldü Bağdat'ta bir toprağa da. Dschihannunia S. 460 *) Ataji's biyografileri. • •) d. *> 17 (1220) Mouradjea d'Ohsson V. 6x3. ) d. 656 (1258) sırf. I /. S. Kjill'rli '<alilung keşfini de t. Silv içinde. de Sacy's Chreston »üiie Arap. B. II;. S. 224, ve bize. P. 5I4 * in ConiUotiuopoIis UUD S. ungegebeu) tt 1554 Dsrhihannuma s. 535, yılın tmculunc erstenKalleühiiuser için Conslantinopcl 962 (£ Botporos wlia B. II.

, Anketin önceki sonra oniki Gr "n-up önce Osmanlıİmparatorluğu Urchan sonunda bestandenenund İslam, en dini ünlü takip sadece hükümetin bağışlanan Nakschbendi K , Saadi d ve Begtasc / ii e . Bu Of arkasından, diğer tarihinin yıl içinde bağışlanan zaman Mansiyon, fitly onlar Seyen edildi. Tarafından Haji Begtatch edilmiş çocuklar onun beri kuvvet Yeniçerilerin kurulu olarak yeni söyledim, zaten yukarı

•), yukarıda, s. 29 ve S. \ fa. b ) i. öldü. T.6j5 (1176) Mouridj. d'Ojus. Vp 6z3. c ). '-J-7 "9 (i3'9) sadece dt *) \. l. 736 (i335) cb "nd. ') I. 75J J. (i357) eb 'nda.

ve çağrı onları ve kutsanmış ailelerinin kol ve hala kalan ayırt edici işaret ve ceketini kapaklar verdi. dahil bu Siparişi olduğundan tüm Yeniçeriler, bu yüzden kardeşlik askeri bir düzen içinde aslında sadece bir manastır, aynı zamanda olduğu gibi aynı, Knights of Haçlı Şövalyeleri Hıristiyan olduğu gibi zaman rahipler ve asker üyeleri de aynıolan Tapınağı ve AET hastane. mümkündür hatta olup o aynı kulübün bir müzik kazandı olmuştu ve Yeniçeri, kurulması yoluyla kurum askeri emir, o onların taklit kardeşlik Urchan karşı ilk olan filolarını, Rodos Şövalyeleri mahalle Türklerin birleşik Krenz elbette zaman İzmir'e de bir HadschiBegtasch bir ikna olabilir .Saadi, bir Seadeddin Dschebari sihirbazlık vardır sanatlar, bağışlanan ile hangi hokkabazlar Unverbrennba için rennoch Schlangenbezauberer, desAlterthums, Psyllen birleştirmek d . Her şeyden önce Osmanlıİmparatorluğu'nun düzeninin Osman saltanatı zaten bağışlanmışolan Nakschbendi zincir baba, Ebubekr derUeberlieferung onun öğretim ve başlarını peygamberler.Diess dini yapmak Bestami ve Begtaschi; diğer tüm rehber ama Aali, kendi öğretim kökenli oğlu olan Hz kadar. Düzenin baskı müritleri sanat Bu türetme sonra denilen doktrinin zincir, hatta belki de izin Hermes altın zincir kurşun Pythagoreans ve Neoplatonists kadar olan. şeyhlerinden serisinin bu çok uzun bir orada isimleri parlak şair altında , ayın geri kalanı gibi, son bir gfossen's all Jami şair Farsça yıldız outshone söyledi.kurallarına göre için, her büyük öğretmen dört müritleri, hangi öğretileri seçilmiş varisi yaptığı ön gibi, nefes ve dinlenme ustası dört bir taklidi Halife, ardıllarıolan peygamberler, dört evangelists ve dört başmelekler * hangi tahta ve sonsuz çevrili. İlk Than, zaten kurucusu altında Osjiian, birimparatorluk, dervişler Düzeni kurdu, o kanat askeri sadece en saygın yüzünden yaşı ve bölge genel Kardeşlik, bir Begtaschen. Geçmişin Şeyh Başkanı ve aynı zamanda bir doksanıncı alayı ve dokuzuncu refah gece ve kışla Dervişler Yeniçeriler einqaartirt sekiz, gün orada Bethen of Empire ve Yeniçeriler, bir başarısı mutlu silahlar hangi Haji Begtasch kurucusu ailenin kendi çağrı \ Urchan Tanrı arkadaşının da dervişler erkek ve onların zihinsel yardımcı orada fethetti Brusa hücreleri inşa manastır, Yeniçerilerin kol Begtaschi verilen şapka ve kasket Mewlewis kap olarak bir • kendi kafa Federal inanılan) bir arkadaşının iş patron ve bilim adamları olarak adlandırılan kişilerin İznik (en kuruluşundan eğitim bey üst mükemmel vardır. O hak onların için bol hediyeler tarafından tanınan veya onları koymak okullar, profesörler wohlbesoldet onu inşa tarafından. Farsça Molla 5 </ ia / i oydu tarafından verildiğini cömertçe böylece refah uğruna değil, aksine o's Sinan Paşa adı verildi c . Kaydî başlığı altında Sultan Osmau zaten onu iki kişi bilgin fahri yaşayan paşa Yani yıpranmışAarijbillah , yani Tanrı bilen, adının altında Muchliss Paşa , yani samimi "Paşa d ve oğlu Aaschik-Pascka , yani ve özveri ilahi aşk konusu şiir, mistik seven Paşa, kimin aracılığıyla os büyük-büyük torunu Aaschikpaschafade tarafından onun gibi

') Ve nnutändliche efsanesi ffadlchi Begtaich ailede dövme mucizeler Aali (B. 20-22) onun Gcnchicule dahil tüm Janilscharcn ^ erltrüdcrnnirffadschi Begtatch. VS 676 Meuiadj. J'Olmon VB 6, 3 b ) Mouradj. D'oh. Vp üzerinde 648.

°) şeyhlerin biyografileri ve iş ConUantlnoncI sedruckle bütün Sipariş sağlar "yeterli beri çok için" zincir Nakschbcndi flftck

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157-161[]

manic story is famous |. His tomb to Karaschehr is still a pilgrimage site visited, as in the Tschorli Olwantschelebis, a change mystic Urchan S. 's time, the first Turkish the translator of the most wonderful mystical poem of the Persians, the Gulschenirqf, Tues of the Rosary of the secrecy it.

So we have three scholars who in the old-the most time of the Ottoman history with the beyden Wefiren of , Alaeddin, brother, and Snleiman the son Urchan's, the honorary title of pasha divided kingdom. Sun well known of these titles in Europe, this is less true derivation and basic meaning of the same. Pasha, a contraction of the Persian Shah Pai, ie the Fnss of the shah's, and is a remnant of that ancient Persia, from Xenophon handed down. plied state institution, by which Cyrns to him appointed by state officials his grip, hands, eyes and ears called. "The overseer of the internal state administration were the eyes, secret spies, the ears, the collector of taxes, the hands, the warriors on horse? . u walk the cask of the king, the judges as organs of the Act, the tongues of justice ftt the i or in a word, the five sense shares the natural and simple diagram for the tasks of the state body, which according to today's art prints of political science, the ministries of interior , the Pollzey , the finances , the war, and the judiciary hot tttt. The intersection of this ancient oriental visual presentation has up to now in the title of the Paschen obtained that as governor, military leader and Wefire the cask of are king. The above Zwey Wefire and three scholars are the first Pasch of the Ottomans.

Urchan died at seventy-five years of his . Urchan'tTod age five and clreyssigjähriger government that • no horrors of parricide or other bloody deeds stained with is, a brave warrior and just prince, and as a legislator of the state institutions of Numa the Ottomans. Even his appearance was more friendly than that of his father and ancestors, the sclnvarzen Osman, the founder of the dynasty. By the same to him were indeed the block nose and the beautifully arched black eyebrows in common, but he had blond hair and light eyes, stature, and his forehead high, his chest broad, his fist vigorously as the claw of the lion, the face round and the color of the same white and red; strong, the beard and mustache tight derKörperbau and well fed. Below the right ear lobe, he was a nut meal marked with, which is known the terms of the East of physical beauty among the greatest benefits belongs to, and by the poets as the poppy seed in milk, as the approach of Sighs smoke love burnt heart, as a volcanic island in the white waters of the beauty is praised, honored with a parent Mahle "are the words of the serious historical prose of the personnel descriptions of Ottoman Sultans," which black grain of hearts drew the "and robbed, what world was that, and that of the" black Shah the Indians as a slave to Gebothc "stand" f.

*) Ü; did ßaaiXiu; xaXoujw veu s oydaXpou; xitra ßaoiXeus u T a. Cyrop L. VIII. C. 2. The title fatcha well as that of Chan bcyde may have been in Persia Ilten Being common. The Beuui Oman's dura nothing but the mutilated Pasha, the Mi'ßkaaoi load anything, * 1 * Stuti-C/ian have gekeissen.

Fifth book.

Government Muraifs 'the 'first to 'the 'Lord and victor. AdrianopeVs conquest. First defeat of the serving. Introduction 'of the 'fifth of the bump, 'the'Tughra, the gold caps, 'the 'perfected feudal system and 'the 'transit system. *- Marriage and circumcision feasts. Acquisition portion of the grö'ssten Kermian by marriage and by purchase of Hamid .. VerchwSrung of the sons of Murad's and 'the 'Palaeologi. Campaign against Karaman and origin of this dynasty. Felduig against the Bulgarej and Serbia, battle of Kossowa and Murad's death by Milosch Kobilovitsch.

t the younger son Urchan's, which since its birth of his father's long reign, that is, five years in the submission slaves, which in the East to the younger against the older, his master, due, reared been had brother, one thirty, and exchanged during a meal replaced the Urchan's death happened shortly horse fall Suleiman 76i (i35g). it's the prospect of lifelong subjection ^ JTM ^ on prudish even-shortened life with the on absolute s reign, and realized that prospect soon then by the ascent of the throne. "The plans of his victories were the West turned to the order of the conquests to enlarge Father European , but before he could run the same start he had the vanguard of the Kingdom in Europe look to the back of it threatened the destruction of those in Asia. The Prince of Karaman, who, immediately after the Seljuk Empire, the mightiest of

') Hidichi Chalfa, Edris, Neichri, Seldeddin, A "li, Ssolakfidc, Lull i. The collection of Slaitsscla ilt <n Feridun'i is the seventh luck • Hünschungtschrciben of the Persian princes Mina't Dichihanschah Nro 05. Morid 'i reply Nro 66 Olme Uaium.

Zehnfursten so far to him not in the growing power of the Ottomans feared rising threat, believed to be the same no longer allowed to watch more quiet, and thought the moment where the whole power of the Ottomans in Europe urged against the West, for the most favorable the same attack from behind in the East.

Damping He rushed the Achi t, ie the large Güterbe Kenin "Ga- Galatia, on seats, which damahls the Herrrfilrrfc ^ n-tion Angora's taken possession had. Murad flew from Gora's He- Hellcspont at Galatia frontier, drove the Achi pairs to and took from her hand with good-willed surrender the keys of Angora, the old To accept Ancyra in the Turkish Engurlje few changes suffered. Ancyra, the northernmost Punct the conquests of Alexander theGreat in Asia Minor, a caused by August's Temple and one of them buried history his deeds \ \ glorified Metropolis of ancient Galatia was in the flowering of the Byzantine Empire and the khalifat how the benachbarte'Amorium, the real situation, no traveler's ruins has recognized a bone of contention for beyde kingdom, and one of the most beautiful flowers in the occupied crown Harun al Rashid's and Mamun's. The first led as a trophy the heath wing of the city gate of Ancyra to Baghdad, as a hundred and fifty years later Emperor Nicepho 'ms the city gates of the Cilician cities Mopsuestos and Tarsus excavated, and as a lasting monument of his victory in the Walls of Constantinople befestiget has ttt. These memories of the best days of the Caliphate, a bright Punct, shone Angora Lord of the Ottomans more than Stappelplatz of small-Asian trade, as Vereinigungspunct of all roads, which Syria and Armenia to the Thracian and Cilician Coast run, and as a through beautiful products of nature, especially privileged place in the eye. The fat tails of sheep, silk hair of the goats of Angora, were in the earliest times already famous, and in the latest the beauty of his vomit and Kamelot, the excellence of his pears, of which only thirty-six species are counted, "his apples, of which the mountain Adoreus today Elmalaghi, ie the Aepfelberg means its grapes and other fruit, the gardens of Kajisch b , irrigated area, full of lush Wachsllmms include, the fruit most of the beautiful areas Kleiri-Asia, and the sources of Ajasch among the most wholesome, for swimming than to drink; neighboring Felsenthal Attenosi characterized by the romantic figures of his rocks, by the size of its caves, and by the skill of its inhabitants as a tightrope walker and rings, the most famous of here, and from the city come Kodof d . Your skill has become a proverb, such as the strength of the mortar of Angora e . In many mosques, monasteries, schools, baths and grave grinding, which city is one of those besehenswerth are exquisite mosques HadichiBeiram * and jfhmed-Patcha's, 'and others. ter Snleiman the Great by the great architect Sinan , built in the bathroom Ahmed Pasha ' schools Mustafa - Pasha, Seif Eddin s and Taschköprifade's, the big Encyclopädikers % , the monastery of the Mevlevi, the Abdale of theHusein Ghass h , and the dervishes Beirami, the later under Murad's of I. Government natives great sheikhs, founder of the Order named after him '.All these buildings belong to the period of late Ottoman sultans, but by nature and art Angora damahls was a fortress, and therefore as eastern Gränzfestung of u. - Ottoman Empire of excellent "importance." A large Turkish traveler Etvlia, which the Ottoman

*) Arrianui II.4

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sayfa 162-166[]

Zengin yarısında bir yüzyılda, her yöne kırk yıl, on yedinci durchkreuzet sözleşme fırsatları yaptığı seyahatler ve doğudan İran, batı erstrecket Avusturya, Ankara ve fırın besichtiget, ve aynı • tarif var, benzerlik büyük gelir konumu ve beyden arasında güç ve sadece kale tutar olarak aynı11'an, Gränzfestung Persia karşı, Türkiye'nin * karşılaştırmanız gerekir.

rtri'ihung Touch t Angora davanın sonra doğu tarafından puan "

dei oicrsicn oldu higet, dikkat geri Murad döndüttnunddtt ernann, Avrupa'nın batısında kampanyasından önce, diye başladıWeßr *. te ej . j s RiCNTer ve B r usa ( a l s ilk Hakim oturma, bir yargıç olarak İmparatorluğu) ile , bir hissetmediği, şimdi aynı kıyafetleri süresi önceki kampanyalar için konumda olduğunu ama artık, Ordu anlamda Murad ordu gibi, sonsuza dek kalacaktır, ve iyi olan kaldı yana. elmas. Khalil Dschendereli, dokuz yıl sonra Grosswefir koğuş, yerini daha sonra birlikte artık bir orduları Osmanlı hakimin ve Lalaschahin, Süleyman ile cesur, için fetih biri olan kaleTzympe üst olmuştur (belirledi Hellespont üzerinde Dschemenlik) başlığı ile aynı KomutanıBeglerbeg, d. prensi Prens L atandı0 . Onu önce, tek yer vardı Alaeddin, kardeşi ve daha sonra Süleyman, oğlu Urchan's, ve Wefin ve Beglerbeg onu şahsen getiriyor, prensi oldu onlara değil göre Osmanlınoktaları ile bu iki üzerinden ev ya da Bunlardan biri giymiş.Of Beglerbeg derhal oldu Wefirs, kalan boş yıllar sonra on daha o eski bir savaş daha uzun yıllar sonra, dokuz Lalaschahin bu kanıtlanmış kahraman daha önce bir hakimin Brusa, hakimler ve kanıtlanmış askeri Kara Clialil Dschendereli verdi.

*) Ince Beitebeichreibung "m sonu içeriğine raporuna bakın

ili-s oimin II ekler. SlaaUverwalt s. 455-470. '•) F.wlia Cilt II

Sayfa 4 »3 l ) Seadeddin bey Bratutti ipler 80 ve 8l. Raufatul Ebrar-76 "(1359).

Osmanlı, daha sonra uzun bir dizi başlıyor üzerinde fetihler

" , •> u İii, J-T Lalaschahin'l

Fetih-ne boyunca t hangi Avrupa ve Bwreaos ~ Hükümet Murad,-savaş 'e kadar ölümünden * "alanların Kossova" ', kesintisiz devam etmektedir. aynı yakalama oldu tarafından bir sigara Hellespont uzak Kallipolis-doğusunda kale Nebetos veya Bontos görünüyor olmak • açar, başka hiçbir gibi eski Aigiospolamos burada kural karar Atina'nın Sparta üzerinde. için çok ünlü bir peloponesichen, savaş deniz, savaşTzurulum (şimdi Tschorli) komutanı cesur ile yapıldı fırtınası el etrafındaki harabe bir arazi idi liderliğindeki kanlı ile Murad önce, kesilmiş kafa yerle duvarlar ve bir tarafından, kim ok ausgescliossenen göz h , komşu Mefelli içinde darbe olmadan düştüve eller kazanan Burgatt sakinleri terk edildi tt harap. komutanları galip kuzey Hellespont arası iken Murad bu yönde onun vardı ordusu önderliğindeki Hadscki llbeki ve Ewreno, " sırasında yokluğunda Asya'nın Rab, niyetinde olan Avrupa emanet edildi krallık, ve bu ne Milgalgaraund bu Ipssala çevresindeki arazi bulunan köyünü dolaştı, kendi el Zwey onları lokus ilk, bu o kale arasında Migalgara ve Ipssala, yer Kypfele olup, arasında eski SyracelläKeshan TLT, o kale olarak ikamet Cantacuzene's ve onun Gemahlinn bilinen Didymotichon (şimdi Demitoka) onun tarafından kale Murad ikamet tarafından, Serai için inşa ortasında yükselen garip hangi konik tepe bir tarafından , kimin tonoz kulak gibi olan Dionysos

*. Ve seramik kaplar, kırmızı sırlı petite sözcük sessiz bir ucunu de imal gelen kil değişiklik farkedilebilir bir tekrarlanan olay ve daldırma Haji Ilbeki oğlu gece geçirdik bir saldırıolan ve kale yakalanan komutanı böylece özgürlük hamle satın dostane için kale teslim Babası tarafından aynı. Ilbeki ve Ewrenos fetih ayak savaş Adrranopel kurulu bir burada yer almıştır,'s Murad için Burgaz fetihler getirdi Hem kök kendi karar ve yürütme ile daha önceki senelerde de kapılarının Edirne's dokundu kadar olan karar, transfer Hacı Ilbeki başkomutanı ve Lalaschahin ve , ve kapılarında şehir kazanımlar elde etme peşinde onun adı hala kale Hacı Ilbeki Burgasi fethettikleri b . Murad kendisi için Edirne yola Burgaz üzerine askerlerin kendi çekirdek ile gelişmişEski ßaba Altvater) önce (t. Komutan, Edirne's Lalaschahin sayaç aldı ama onun tarafından dövülmüş, o Marizza ve sel kaçtı) i36i (gröss763 bulundurmaktan için teknede bir gece tercih ile de ağzına ve Ainos denizde aynı. th kale ve Avrupa İmparatorluğu Bizans idi tarafından ihanet korkaklık ya da kolayca savunucuları gibi kaleler ve eğer o vardı saraylar daha küçük olan c .

Sal e Osmanlıtarihçileri çağrı

Edrenos şehir Komutanı, di Hadrianos, ile Nahin inşa edilmesini onlar hepsi bu, bu, harabe şehir şaşkın ve

•) Haji Clialfa's Rumili s. 65 b ) Hadscbi ChalfVs Rumili S. l3 ve Britutli S} S.. M Scadeddin, Hailsclii Chalfa, Iris K., ISeschri, Lütfi, Aili, Siolaklade, Niscliondsclii, Dauhihannuma, yıl aynı hepsi. Chalkondylas çok fetih Urchan oğlu Süleyman, yazar. Koleksiyonun Feridun'i StaaUschriften IS'ro içinde Ovreii de Sultan için fetih Edirne rapor hakkında zaferini Sultan Murad l. Silkide de «yıl, 63 (i36i) tarihli ve cevap olan Şah Nro. II3 \ OIU l. Dschemasiul ewwcl 764-au »dörtte Audschan yaz, Murad Oweis için önceki bir mektup Nro olduğunu bclindet unier. un> i cevap Iniö, 110. 111 Tebüi IIT ani datirl.

gerçekten geheisseii, oyun NND bu bir imparatorluk Lord bir son ve ilk şans sadece arasında Nahmensgleichheit meydana Einmahl dünya tarihinin fazla tekrarı ve bu gibi eşit Hadrian kabul etmek o ilk Augustus ve Konstantin tarafından, entadelt delik olmalı geçmişle yüceltilmelidir ona. Bu arada, Türklerin Olympos üzerinde Hadrian of Hadrian kabul etmek için gelen, Asya şehir aynı şehir yakalama erken ve bilinen, iyi ile (Edrenos) grafik bitişik Hadrian içinde şehir sonbahar şimdi yoluyla, mutlu bir şeyi verdim onlara bir Haemus (Edrene ) üzerinde, bu vardır fethi gibi önsezi ile dolu yedi ikinci kenti tepeleri ile aynı ilk şehir erken durumunda Bizans İmparatorluğu gibi) eski birinde ( yedi tepe Roma'da bulunan yeni. Edirne, sitede Bize ~ kudamas, satın almalar ve NND sonra, İmparator Hadrian antik kenti ile yerleşik Bessjer, Orestia olarak adlandırılır t tarih Fritigern Valens tarafından İmparator Bizanslılar ve kuşatma tarafından imha altında Gotlar, of, altında Romanos Bulgarların yağma ve Haçlıların geçitler altında Comnene ünlü, ünlü hatta bir nehir, Dreyer lehine tutumunu Zusammenflnss üzerinde olan, gül suyu hangi çiçek ve meyveler, en iyi aracılığıyla derHebrus onun gül alanlar ve ayva bahçeleri, persia oluşturulan biriyle undRosenöhl ne Mısır ile rekabet bu. Güneş erkeklerle Tatar halkının Hama, güzelliklerini barındıran ve Konya ile yarışan Edirne ve şeker pancarı fabrikası olan tıraş onun,'s sabunla ve Amatsya o electuary için ayva Suriye, onun. Sanat doğanın ve o kadar çok faydaları, yerini güzelliği kadar büyük ve derBevölke ^ Ruuge yazarlar Türk olduğunuz wel, şiirler açıklayıcı belirli edildin övdü değişik tarafından

satın alma öncesi Stadiaufruhr \ getiriyor kargaşa olarak sakinleri şehrin güzelliği çalıştırmak çünkü hem bütün kalpler. kendi üstünlüğünü aşkına Yani onların şairler, mükemmellik övdü onların ya gözleri bile birinin avantajları En büyük yaygın olan, beşik vardır verilmiş ve Tabut beğeni toplayan,bir standart göre ve olduğu doğum yeri, Doğu Osmanlılar, eğitimli ve daha onur ile mezar dindar ve öğrendim erkek, ulusunun şair ve aziz tutar. Aynı şekilde, Sınavda hangi bir yapım olduğunu yoluyla binalar ile saraylar, pazarlar onun zamanında camiler, okullar, içinde yüceltilmiş köprüler • tek hangi bey bölüm. fetih yararları gibi mükemmel, daha sonra dahil

vonhumul-• ' °. . .

dschma ter veya başka uygun bir yerde (dışarıya pohti fembekik, Sam, askeri ve ticari yüz ° S Aera r 've p UNCL ^ sayılır) eklendi, vetdiente Adrianofiiibt. etkisi pel içindeki sultanların ikamet ikinci rütbe yüksek, ikincisi sermaye Osmanlıİmparatorluğu. Bugün için, ama Murad, yönetim ve Beglerbeg Lalaschahin aynı Savunmasını verdi ve açılan bulunduğu kervansaray ve orada seçti, son Cantacuzene's ve ailesi, Yani Dimotika (Diclymotichon) için kendi ikamet ilk Avrupalı, o yerleşik *. rom fetihler devam etmesi, o reddetti güney ve kuzey Trakya, o kendi yaptığı giydi Lalaschahin askeri yöneticiler ve Ewreiios gör. T o ilk Vardar fethetti Kumuldschinaund 0 olan Feredschik batısında ki d - (eski Doriscos), doğu Karaferia bu e eski Beroia) yer alan (ve o fatihi gibi bir his sabit maçta sadece hangi fethettiği şehirler değil ama aynı zamanda

•) Seadedd., Neichri, Edris. ) Bizanslılar Bey yok xeupeuXri-Uyu. " *) Vardar itt bir çift, "Eğer eski ve yeni, ve Jenidtche Eskiisi Vardar Vardar. S. Hadiclii Clialla '"Rumili, s. 84. ) Herod. aS VII. 106. Hadtchi Chalfa'i Rumili s. 67 ') Haji Ghalla's Rumili s. 86 Mannert VII, s. 5i6.

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sayfa 167-171[]

sayfa 172 -176[]

sayfa 177-181[]

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