ALMORAVIDES (properly Murdbtis, the name being corrupted through the Spanish), a Berber horde from the Sahara which, in the nth century, founded the fourth dynasty hi Morocco. By this dynasty the Moorish empire was extended over Tlemcen and a great part of Spain and Portugal. The name is derived from the Arab. Murabit , a religious ascetic (see MARABOUT ). The most powerful of the invading tribes was the Lam^una (" veiled men ") from the upper Niger , whose best-known representatives now are the Tuareg . They had been converted to Mahommedanism in the early times of the Arab conquest, but their knowledge of Islam did not go much beyond the formula of the creed " there is no god but God, and Mahomet is the apostle of God," and they were ignorant of the law. About the year 1040 or a little earlier, one of their chiefs, Yahya ibn Ibrahim , made the pilgrimage to Mecca. On his way home he attended the teachers of the mosque at Kairawan , in Tunisia, who soon learnt from him that his people knew little of the religion they were supposed to profess, and that though his
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.