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The Glory of the Polish & Lithuanian Tatars

The Glory of the Polish & Lithuanian Tatars

The Lipka Tatars, also known as Belorussian Tatars, Lithuanian Tatars, Polish Tatars, Lipkowie, Lipcani or Muslimi, are a group of Turkic-speaking Tatars who originally settled in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania at the beginning of 14th century. From the Battle of Tannenberg (Grunwald) onwards the Tatar light cavalry regiments participated in every significant military campaign of Lithuania and Poland. In 1410 The Battle of Tannenberg took place between the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania on one side, and the Teutonic Knights on the other. The Teutonic knights were defeated and never recovered their former influence. After the battle, rumors spread across Europe that the Germans had only been defeated thanks to the aid of tens of thousands of heathen Tatars. At the start of the battle, Jalal ad-Din led the Tatar and Lithuanian light cavalry on a suicide charge against the Teutonic Knights' artillery positions. Throughout centuries Tatars in Poland and Lithuania resisted assimilation and kept their traditional lifestyle. While they remained very attached to the religion of Islam, over time however, they lost their original Tatar language and for the most part adopted Polish language since XVII century. In 1775 Poland reaffirmed the noble status of the Polish - Lithuanian Tatars. After the Partitions of Poland, Tatars played their part in the various national uprisings, and also served alongside the Poles in the Napoleonic army. In 1919 The Polish Tatars joined the newly created Polish Army formations; 1st Tatar Regiment and later, 13th Regiment of Wilno Uhlans. In 1917 many Polish Tatars (as also many native Polish between them) started to rebuild The Crimean statehood. After the fall of Poland in September 1939, the Polish Tatars in the Vilnius based 13th Uhlan Regiment were one of the last Polish Army units recorded carrying on the fight against the German and Russian aggressors. Today there are about 90 000 Tatars and people with Tatar origin in the former areas of the Polish--Lithuanian Commonwealth. The majority of descendants of Tatar families in Poland can trace their descent from the nobles of the early Polish--Lithuanian Commonwealth. Tatar - It sound Proudly!

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