Music by: Giuseppe Donizetti
In use: 1839-1861, 1876
Upon the accession to the throne of Abdülmecid I "Gazi" (Abdul-Mejid I) in 1839, the march for the new sultan was also composed by Giuseppe Donizetti, who wrote the march for the previous sultan. (Franz Lizst also composed a paraphrase of Donizetti's work and presented it to the Sultan.) It does not have any lyrics.
This anthem was also used by Sultan Murad V, son of Abdülmecid I during his brief three month reign in 1876. However, under Murad V's reign, a different arrangement by Callisto Guatelli was used, and the anthem was published as Marche Imperiale Ottomane, and not "Mecidiye" nor "Muradiye" perhaps signifying for the first time the concept of a national imperial march rather than one for the emporer specifically.
Special thanks to: Jaroslaw Wojcik for informing me of this anthem and providing me with the music file, Enver Demircigil for the sheet music, and Emre Yigit and Emre Aracı for some of this information.
Marş, kuvvetli ve düzenli bir ritime sahip, genellikle uygun adım yürüyüşler için yazılan ve askeri bandolarca çalınan müzik eseri. Marşlar canlı askeri marşlardan durgun cenaze marşlarına kadar farklı ruhsal durumları yansıtabilir ve farklı amaçlarda yazılabilir. Beethoven'ın Eroica Senfonisi, Franz Schubert'in askeri marşları, Chopin'in La diyez minör/Si minör sonatındaki Marche Funèbre (cenaze marşı) ve Handel'in Saul oratoryosundaki Ölüm Marşı farklı atmosfere sahip marşlara örnek olarak verilebilir.
The Ottoman Empire used anthems since its foundation in the late 13th century, but did not use a specific royal or national anthem until the 19th century. During the reign of Sultan Mahmud II, when the military and imperial band were re-organized along Western lines, Giuseppe Donizetti was invited to head the process. Donizetti Pasha, as he was known in the Ottoman Empire, composed the first Western-style imperial anthem, the Mahmudiye.
Like in many other monarchies of its time, the anthem of the Ottoman Empire was a royal anthem, not a national one. Hence it paid homage to a specific ruler and a new anthem was composed at each imperial succession. However, in 1844, with the Tanzimat reforms, the Mecidiye March was recognized as the first official Ottoman national anthem. The first official Ottoman national flag (which was in essence identical to the present-day Turkish flag) was also adopted in 1844.
After the start of the imperial anthem tradition, two Sultans did not have specific anthems composed. The first is Sultan Murad V, who reigned for 3 months in 1876 and the second is the last Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, Sultan Mehmed Vahdeddin, who used the Mahmudiye anthem.
Only the Hamidiye and Reşadiye have lyrics, the first three anthems being instrumental.