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Ömer'e - Ömer'i - Ömer'in - R1a


Ömer (r.a) - Hz. Ömer - Ömer - Umar
Arabized Arabs - العرب المستعربة
Arapça olmayan isimlerdendir, Ömer. Kays da (Bkz.Kai) Arapça değildir . Anadolu'da da Umar derler, Ömer diyemezler. Rumeli'de de Umardır. Arapların dediği gibi...
İbni Hattâb - İbn-i Hattâb
Hz. Ömer 24 saat kesintisiz şiir okuyabilirdi. Bu duygusal yönünü ve duygusal zekasını geliştirmiştir. Kureyş - Quraish
Ben-i Adi -Banu Adi kolundan
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Ömer/VP - Ömer/WP
Ömer/Vecizeleri
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Kocakarı ile Ömer
(Mehmet Akif Ersoy'un muhteşem şiiri)

Ömer bin Abdulaziz Hz Ömer'in torunudur. Süte su katan hilebaz bir anneye direnen kızı görünce, ertesi gün oğluna eş olarak alır ve bundan doğan muhteşem evlatdır.
Ömer Abdullah Özdemir
Ömer Akşahin
Ömer Akpınar
Ömer Ali CİRİT
Ömer Altun
Ömer Şahin
Ömer Çelik

Disambig Bakınız: umar
 :[1] Bir konu için çözüm yolu, çare  :[2] Olması istenilen bir şeyi olsun diye bekler, umut eder  :[1] Nuvola apps bookcase Köken

Books-aj.svg aj ashton 01f Kaynaklar *Şablon:Yurtsever-TAD-1997 pl:Umar sr:Umar


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Quraysh is also the name of a Surah in the Qur'an.

The Quraysh or Quraish (Arapça: قريش‎, Qurayš; other transliterations include "Quresh", "Kuriş" ,"Qurrish", "Qurish", "Qirsh", "Qureshi", "Koreish" , "Kureyş" and "Coreish") were a powerful merchant tribe that controlled Mecca and its Kaaba upon the appearance of the religion of Islam. The tribe of Quraysh still exists to the present day in many parts of western and central Arabia.

Muhammad was born into the Banu Hashim clan of the Quraysh tribe. When Muhammad started to preach Islam, the Quraysh forced him to leave Mecca. For the next ten years the Quraysh and Muhammad's men fought skirmishes and three major battles (the Battle of Badr, the Battle of Uhud, and theBattle of the Trench). In 630 Muhammad seized control of the Ka'aba from the Quraysh.

Early historyEdit

According to Arabic history books, the Quraysh were a branch of the Banu Kinanah tribe, which descended from the Khuzaimah. For several generations they were spread about among other tribal groupings. About five generations before Muhammad the situation was changed by Qusai ibn Kilab. By war and diplomacy he assembled an alliance that delivered to him the keys of the Kaaba, an important pagan shrine which brought revenues to Mecca because of the multitude of pilgrims that it attracted. He then gathered his fellow tribesmen to settle at Mecca, where he enjoyed such adulation from his kin that they adjudged him their de facto king, a position that was enjoyed by no other descendant of his. At the time of Muhammad's birth the Quraysh essentially ruled Mecca. Different responsibilities were apportioned between different clans. There were some rivalries among the clans, and these became especially pronounced during Muhammad's lifetime.

Arab lineagesEdit

According to traditional legends, Arab lineages allegedly originate from three groups:

  1. Perished Arabs (العرب البائدة): These are the ancients of whose history little is known. They include ‘Ad, Thamûd, Tasam, Jadis, Imlaq and others.
  2. Pure Arabs (العرب العاربة): They originated from the progeny of Ya‘rub bin Yashjub bin Qahtan bin Hud so were also called Qahtanian Arabs.
  3. Arabized Arabs ( العرب المستعربة): They originated from the progeny of Ishmael and were also called ‘Adnanite Arabs. The Quraysh are a branch of the "Arabized Arabs".

ClansEdit

Quraysh branched out into various sub-clans, who in turn branched out into yet further sub-clans. Roughly the division corresponded to the family lines of the current chieftain of that clan having sons.

  • Banu Quraysh — Quraysh was divided into several sub-clans.

Leaders of the QurayshEdit

The leaders of Quraysh, who formed Mecca's aristocracy upon the appearance of Muhammad, were referred to as the Lords of Quraish (by conventional translation), Dominants of Quraish (by literal translation) (Arabic: Sadat Quraysh).

A list of them include:

Related tribes Edit

Early opposition to MuhammadEdit

Şablon:Campaignbox Campaigns of Muhammad

Ana madde: Battle of Badr

Some clan leaders did not appreciate Muhammad's claim of prophethood and tried to silence him by putting pressure on his uncle, Abu Talib. Many of the clans also began to persecute the followers of Muhammad, for example by boycotting them. A number of the followers took refuge with the Christian king of Abyssinia,[4] while Muhammad himself would later emigrate to Yathrib, now Medina.
The Quraysh fought many battles against Muhammad, one major clash was the Battle of Badr, where the Quraysh were defeated, the event was seen as a turning point for Muslims.[5] After Muhammad's conquest of Mecca in 630, he pardoned many of those who had oppressed him before, and peace among the different clans was maintained. After Muhammad's death, clan rivalries reignited, playing central roles in the conflicts over the caliphate and contributing to theShi'a-Sunni divide.

Clans and the CaliphateEdit

After the introduction of Islam, the Quraysh gained supremacy and produced the three dynasties of theUmmayad Caliphate, the Abbasid Caliphate and the Fatimid Caliphate.
The split between the Shi'a and Sunni branches of Islam centers over the succession to Muhammad.[6] The Sunnis believe Abu Bakr was elected as Muhammad's successor while the Shi'a (literally "party [of Ali]") believe Muhammad appointed Ali ibn Abi Talib as his successor.

Ali was a member of Muhammad's clan, the Banu Hashim. Abu Bakr, while a close companion of Muhammad, came from the Banu Taim clan.[6]

The second caliph, Umar ibn al-Khattab, was from the Banu Adi clan.[6]

The third caliph, Uthman ibn Affan, was from the Banu Umayyah clan.[6]

When Ali was made caliph after the death of Uthman, the Caliphate was in the hands of the Banu Hashim, but he was almost immediately challenged by Muawiyah, who was a member of theUmayyad clan.[6] After Ali's assassination at the hands of theKharajites, the Shi'a hoped his son Hasan would become Caliph, but he was forced to defer to Muawiyah, who, in violation of the treaty signed with Hasan bin Ali, established the Umayyad line of Caliphs.[6]

After the death of Muawiyah, his son Yazid became caliph but was almost immediately challenged by Ali's younger son, Hussein. Hussein would not swear allegiance to Yazid for a number of reasons, among those the alleged corruption of Yazid and Hussein's acknowledgment of the caliphate's non-hereditary lineage, which Yazid had breached. Hussein was killed by the stronger forces of Yazid at the Battle of Karbela. This event would ultimately lead to a full schism between Shi'a Islam and Sunni Islam.

The fact that Muhammad's descendants through Ali would be persecuted by Umayyad Caliphs did not help the matter.


See also Edit

References Edit

External linksEdit


ar:قريش bs:Kurejš bg:Курейши ca:Quraix cs:Kurajšovci da:Quraysh de:Koreischiten et:Quraishi hõim es:Quraysh fa:قریش fr:Quraych id:Suku Quraisy it:Quraysh he:שבט קורייש hu:Kurajs-törzs ms:Quraisy nl:Qoeraisj ja:クライシュ族 no:Quraysh pnb:قریش pl:Kurajszyci pt:Coraixitas ru:Курайшиты simple:Quraysh sk:Kurajšovci so:Qureysh sh:Kurejš sv:Qureish kab:Qurayc th:กุเรช tr:Kureyş uk:Курайшити ur:قریش

zh:古莱什族

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