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Taqwá (Arapça: التقوىat-taqwá) is the Islamic concept of "God-consciousness" or higher consciousness. Taqwa, as holistically elucidated by Quranic verses, is defined as the state of "being conscious of Allah", and "willfully avoiding actions that lead to Allah`s Anger and Disapproval; while consciously undertaking steps and actions that will please Allah."[citation needed]

EtymologyEdit

The term taqwá comes from the Arabic root W-Q-Y from the 8th form verb, ittaqá "be wary, Godfearing." Taqawa is cognate to the Hebrew term תקווה tikvah ("hope"), deriving from the Semitic root Q-W-I.[citation needed]

Meaning of Taqwa according to Tafsir ibn KathirEdit

According to Tafsir ibn Kathir, the root meaning of taqwa is to avoid what one dislikes. It was reported that Umar bin Khattab asked Ubay ibn Kaab about Taqwa. Ubay said, "Have you ever walked on a path that has thorns on it?" Umar said, "Yes." Ubay said, "What did you do then?" He said, "I rolled up my sleeves and struggled." Ubay said, "That is taqwa."

Ibn Abbas said about verse 2:5 in the Quran, "guidance for the Muttaqin", that it means, "They are the believers who avoid shirk with Allah (swt) and who work in His obedience." He also said that Al-Muttaqin means, "Those who fear Allah's (swt) Punishment, which would result if thye abandoned the true guidance that they recognize and know. They also hope in Allah's (swt) Mercy by believing in what He revealed."

Further readingEdit

{{{başlık}}}. ISBN 3-89500-00-6.

{{{başlık}}}. ISBN 1-86064-022-2.

See alsoEdit

id:Taqwa ms:Taqwa simple:Taqwa tr:Takva (İslam) ur:تقوی

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